Yttria-zirconia coatings studied by grazing-incidence small-angle X-ray scattering during in situ heating

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Type Article
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)14492-14500
Number of pages9
JournalPhysical Chemistry Chemical Physics
Issue number43
Early online date20 Sep 2010
Publication statusPublished - 21 Nov 2010
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The morphology of sol–gel derived dip-coated yttria-doped zirconia films containing variable amounts of yttria has been studied using in situ grazing-incidence small-angle X-ray scattering (GISAXS) whilst heated incrementally to 1000C. A procedure to analyse in situ GISAXS data has been devised which allows a quantitative analysis of time-dependent GISAXS data tracing processes such as chemical reactions or manufacturing procedures. To achieve this, the relative positions of the Yoneda peak and the through beam are used to fix the vertical q scale when the sample thickness is subject to fluctuations due to chemical reactions or deposition processes. A version of Beaucage’s unified model with a structure factor from Hosemann’s model for paracrystals describes the yttria-zirconia film data best. It is interpreted in terms of particles forming from a polymeric gel network and subsequently agglomerating into larger units subject to Ostwald ripening as both size and average separation distance of the scattering objects increase. The sample with the highest yttria content shows progressive surface roughening from 850C which may indicate the onset of chemical segregation.