Widespread middle Holocene dune formation in the eastern Upper Peninsula of Michigan and the relationship to climate and outlet-controlled lake level

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Type Article
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)55-58
Number of pages4
JournalGeology
Volume30
Issue number1
DOI
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2002
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Abstract

Dating of five widely spaced (noncoastal) dunes in eastern upper Michigan by optically stimulated luminescence of quartz establishes that eolian sand was last mobilized between ca. 7 and 5.5 ka in the region. Although this interval corresponds to the drier Altithermal-Hypsithermal period, climate alone may not have been sufficiently and to cause dune formation in this area. Instead, it appears that dune formation may also be linked to depressed water tables, associated with outlet-controlled low levels in Lakes Michigan and Superior. Following dune stabilization, peat began to accumulate in interdune areas ca. 4.4 ka.

Keywords

  • dunes, Holocene climate, optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) dating, lake levels, peat