Virtual Planetary Space Weather Service offered by the Europlant H2O2O Research Infrastructure

Authors Organisations
  • N. André (Author)
    Université Paul Sabatier
  • Manuel Grande(Author)
  • N. Achilleos(Author)
    University College London
  • M. Barthélémy(Author)
    Institut de Planétologie et d′Astrophysique de Grenoble
  • M. Bouchemit(Author)
    Université Paul Sabatier
  • K. Benson(Author)
    University College London
  • P. -L. Blelly(Author)
    Université Paul Sabatier
  • E. Budnik(Author)
    Université Paul Sabatier
  • S. Caussarieu (Author)
    GFI Informatique
  • B. Cecconi(Author)
    Paris Diderot University
  • Tony Cook(Author)
  • V. Génot (Author)
    Université Paul Sabatier
  • P. Guio(Author)
    University College London
  • A. Goutenoir(Author)
    Université Paul Sabatier
  • B. Grison(Author)
    Czech Academy of Sciences
  • R. Hueso(Author)
    University of the Basque Country
  • M. Indurain(Author)
    Université Paul Sabatier
  • G. H. Jones(Author)
    University College London
    Birkbeck, University of London
  • J. Lilensten(Author)
    Institut de Planétologie et d′Astrophysique de Grenoble
  • A. Marchaudon (Author)
    Université Paul Sabatier
  • D. Matthiä (Author)
    Institute of Aerospace Medicine, Germany
  • A. Opitz(Author)
    Wigner Research Centre for Physics
  • A. Rouillard(Author)
    Université Paul Sabatier
  • I. Stanislawska (Author)
    Polish Academy of Sciences
  • J. Soucek (Author)
    Czech Academy of Sciences
  • C. Tao(Author)
    National Institute of Information and Communications Technology
  • L. Tomasik(Author)
    Polish Academy of Sciences
  • J. Vaubaillon(Author)
    Paris Diderot University
Type Article
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)50-59
Number of pages10
JournalPlanetary and Space Science
Volume150
Early online date27 Apr 2017
DOI
Publication statusPublished - 01 Jan 2018
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Abstract

Under Horizon 2020, the Europlanet 2020 Research Infrastructure (EPN2020-RI) will include an entirely new Virtual Access Service, “Planetary Space Weather Services” (PSWS) that will extend the concepts of space weather and space situational awareness to other planets in our Solar System and in particular to spacecraft that voyage through it. PSWS will make twelve new services accessible to the research community, space agencies, and industrial partners planning for space missions. These services will in particular be dedicated to the following key planetary environments: Mars (in support of the NASA MAVEN and European Space Agency (ESA) Mars Express and ExoMars missions), comets (building on the outstanding success of the ESA Rosetta mission), and outer planets (in preparation for the ESA JUpiter ICy moon Explorer mission), and one of these services will aim at predicting and detecting planetary events like meteor showers and impacts in the Solar System. This will give the European planetary science community new methods, interfaces, functionalities and/or plugins dedicated to planetary space weather as well as to space situational awareness in the tools and models available within the partner institutes. A variety of tools (in the form of web applications, standalone software, or numerical models in various degrees of implementation) are available for tracing propagation of planetary and/or solar events through the Solar System and modelling the response of the planetary environment (surfaces, atmospheres, ionospheres, and magnetospheres) to those events. But these tools were not originally designed for planetary event prediction and space weather applications. PSWS will provide the additional research and tailoring required to apply them for these purposes. PSWS will be to review, test, improve and adapt methods and tools available within the partner institutes in order to make prototype planetary event and space weather services operational in Europe at the end of 2017. To achieve its objectives PSWS will use a few tools and standards developed for the Astronomy Virtual Observatory (VO). This paper gives an overview of the project together with a few illustrations of prototype services based on VO standards and protocols

Keywords

  • virtual observatory, space weather, planets, comets, solar wind, meteor showers