The role of the tongue-of-ionization in the formation of the poleward wall of the main trough in the European post-midnight sector

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The role of the tongue-of-ionization in the formation of the poleward wall of the main trough in the European post-midnight sector. / Middleton, H. R.; Pryse, S. E.; Wood, A. G.; Balthazor, R. L.

In: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 113, No. A2, A02306, 16.02.2008.

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Harvard

Middleton, HR, Pryse, SE, Wood, AG & Balthazor, RL 2008, 'The role of the tongue-of-ionization in the formation of the poleward wall of the main trough in the European post-midnight sector', Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, vol. 113, no. A2, A02306. https://doi.org/10.1029/2007JA012631

APA

Middleton, H. R., Pryse, S. E., Wood, A. G., & Balthazor, R. L. (2008). The role of the tongue-of-ionization in the formation of the poleward wall of the main trough in the European post-midnight sector. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 113(A2), [A02306]. https://doi.org/10.1029/2007JA012631

Vancouver

Author

Middleton, H. R. ; Pryse, S. E. ; Wood, A. G. ; Balthazor, R. L. / The role of the tongue-of-ionization in the formation of the poleward wall of the main trough in the European post-midnight sector. In: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. 2008 ; Vol. 113, No. A2.

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@article{9f158a2e01d84b9c9950c17602a86d0b,
title = "The role of the tongue-of-ionization in the formation of the poleward wall of the main trough in the European post-midnight sector",
abstract = "A series of radio tomography reconstructions from the University of Wales Aberystwyth receiver chains in Scandinavia and the UK, imaging the midnight-dawn sector on 13 December 2001, reveal a persistent large-scale electron density enhancement, which forms the poleward wall of the main ionization trough. Measurements by the European Incoherent Scatter radar (EISCAT) rule out in situ soft-particle precipitation as the main source of the higher densities. SuperDARN plasma drift observations and electric potential patterns place the feature in the dawn cell of the high-latitude convection, leading to the conclusion that the higher density is likely to have originated as photoionization and was convected over the polar cap to the nightside and around toward dawn in a tongue-of-ionization (TOI). Suitable runs of the Coupled Thermosphere-Ionosphere-Plasmasphere (CTIP) model support this interpretation and also reveal that the formation of the TOI is heavily UT dependent, which would lead to it being most prominent at nighttime in the European sector.",
keywords = "Ionosphere, high-latitude, tongue-of-ionosation, post-midnight, trough, wall",
author = "Middleton, {H. R.} and Pryse, {S. E.} and Wood, {A. G.} and Balthazor, {R. L.}",
note = "Middleton, H. R., Pryse, S. E., Wood, A. G., Balthazor, R. L. (2008). The role of the tongue-of-ionization in the formation of the poleward wall of the main trough in the European post-midnight sector. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 113(A2), [A02306].",
year = "2008",
month = feb,
day = "16",
doi = "10.1029/2007JA012631",
language = "English",
volume = "113",
journal = "Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics",
issn = "2169-9380",
publisher = "American Geophysical Union",
number = "A2",

}

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TY - JOUR

T1 - The role of the tongue-of-ionization in the formation of the poleward wall of the main trough in the European post-midnight sector

AU - Middleton, H. R.

AU - Pryse, S. E.

AU - Wood, A. G.

AU - Balthazor, R. L.

N1 - Middleton, H. R., Pryse, S. E., Wood, A. G., Balthazor, R. L. (2008). The role of the tongue-of-ionization in the formation of the poleward wall of the main trough in the European post-midnight sector. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 113(A2), [A02306].

PY - 2008/2/16

Y1 - 2008/2/16

N2 - A series of radio tomography reconstructions from the University of Wales Aberystwyth receiver chains in Scandinavia and the UK, imaging the midnight-dawn sector on 13 December 2001, reveal a persistent large-scale electron density enhancement, which forms the poleward wall of the main ionization trough. Measurements by the European Incoherent Scatter radar (EISCAT) rule out in situ soft-particle precipitation as the main source of the higher densities. SuperDARN plasma drift observations and electric potential patterns place the feature in the dawn cell of the high-latitude convection, leading to the conclusion that the higher density is likely to have originated as photoionization and was convected over the polar cap to the nightside and around toward dawn in a tongue-of-ionization (TOI). Suitable runs of the Coupled Thermosphere-Ionosphere-Plasmasphere (CTIP) model support this interpretation and also reveal that the formation of the TOI is heavily UT dependent, which would lead to it being most prominent at nighttime in the European sector.

AB - A series of radio tomography reconstructions from the University of Wales Aberystwyth receiver chains in Scandinavia and the UK, imaging the midnight-dawn sector on 13 December 2001, reveal a persistent large-scale electron density enhancement, which forms the poleward wall of the main ionization trough. Measurements by the European Incoherent Scatter radar (EISCAT) rule out in situ soft-particle precipitation as the main source of the higher densities. SuperDARN plasma drift observations and electric potential patterns place the feature in the dawn cell of the high-latitude convection, leading to the conclusion that the higher density is likely to have originated as photoionization and was convected over the polar cap to the nightside and around toward dawn in a tongue-of-ionization (TOI). Suitable runs of the Coupled Thermosphere-Ionosphere-Plasmasphere (CTIP) model support this interpretation and also reveal that the formation of the TOI is heavily UT dependent, which would lead to it being most prominent at nighttime in the European sector.

KW - Ionosphere

KW - high-latitude

KW - tongue-of-ionosation

KW - post-midnight

KW - trough

KW - wall

UR - http://hdl.handle.net/2160/8308

U2 - 10.1029/2007JA012631

DO - 10.1029/2007JA012631

M3 - Article

VL - 113

JO - Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics

JF - Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics

SN - 2169-9380

IS - A2

M1 - A02306

ER -

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