The Drosophila phenotype ontology

Authors Organisations
  • David Osumi-Sutherland(Author)
  • Steven J Marygold(Author)
  • Gillian H Millburn(Author)
  • Peter A McQuilton(Author)
  • Laura Ponting(Author)
  • Raymund Stefancsik(Author)
  • Kathleen Falls(Author)
  • Nicholas H Brown(Author)
  • Georgios Gkoutos(Author)
Type Article
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)30
JournalJournal of Biomedical Semantics
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 18 Oct 2013
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Phenotype ontologies are queryable classifications of phenotypes. They provide a widely-used means for annotating phenotypes in a form that is human-readable, programatically accessible and that can be used to group annotations in biologically meaningful ways. Accurate manual annotation requires clear textual definitions for terms. Accurate grouping and fruitful programatic usage require high-quality formal definitions that can be used to automate classification. The Drosophila phenotype ontology (DPO) has been used to annotate over 159,000 phenotypes in FlyBase to date, but until recently lacked textual or formal definitions.


  • drosophila, phenotype, ontology, OWL, OBO, gene ontology, flybase