Sorghum - a multi-purpose bioenergy crop

Authors Organisations
  • P. Sreenivas Rao(Author)
    International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics
  • K. S. Vinutha(Author)
    International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics
  • G. S. Anil Kumar(Author)
    International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics
  • T. Chiranjeevi(Author)
    Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University
  • A. Umar(Author)
  • Pankaj Lal(Author)
  • R. S. Prakasham(Author)
    Indian Institute of Chemical Technology
  • H. P. Singh(Author)
    Fort Valley State University
  • Rao Ravella(Author)
  • Surinder Chopra(Author)
    Pennsylvania State University
  • Shibu Jose(Author)
    University of Missouri-Columbia
Type Chapter
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSorghum
Subtitle of host publicationA Multipurpose Bioenergy Crop
EditorsI. Clampitti, V. Prasad
PublisherAmerican Society of Agronomy
ISBN (Print)978-0-89118-628-1
Publication statusPublished - 16 Jul 2016
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Citation formats


Bioethanol and biodiesel produced from renewable energy sources are gaining importance in the light of volatile fossil fuel prices, depleting oil reserves and increasing ‘greenhouse effects’ associated with the use of fossil fuels. Among several alternative renewable energy sources, energy derived from plant biomass is found to be promising and sustainable. Sorghum is a resilient dryland cereal crop with wide adaptation having high water, nutrient and radiation use efficiencies. This crop is expected to enhance food-feed-fodder and fuel security. Sweet sorghum is similar to grain sorghum but has the ability to accumulate sugars in the stalks without much reduction in grain production. Hence, it is used as a first generation biofuel feedstock where the grain and stalk sugars can be used for producing bioenergy while energy sorghum or biomass sorghum is increasingly viewed as a potential feedstock for lignocellulosic biofuel production. Although the commercial use of sweet sorghum for bioethanol production has been demonstrated in China and India, the viability of large scale lignocellulosic conversion of sorghum biomass to biofuels is yet to be demonstrated. This chapter dwells on the sorghum feedstock characteristics, biofuel production models, sustainability indicators and its commercialization.


  • Sreenivas Ravella Sorghum book chapter

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