Second-generation bio-based plastics are becoming a reality - Non-renewable energy and greenhouse gas (GHG) balance of succinic acid-based plastic end products made from lignocellulosic biomassNREU and GHG balance of succinic acid-based PBS products made from lignocellulosic biomass

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Second-generation bio-based plastics are becoming a reality - Non-renewable energy and greenhouse gas (GHG) balance of succinic acid-based plastic end products made from lignocellulosic biomass : NREU and GHG balance of succinic acid-based PBS products made from lignocellulosic biomass. / Patel, Martin K.; Bechu, Aude; Villegas, Juan David; Bergez-lacoste, Manon; Yeung, Kenny; Murphy, Richard; Woods, Jeremy; Mwabonje, Onesmus N.; Ni, Yuanzhi; Patel, Akshay D.; Gallagher, Joe; Bryant, David.

In: Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining, Vol. 12, No. 3, 01.06.2018, p. 426-441.

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Patel, Martin K. ; Bechu, Aude ; Villegas, Juan David ; Bergez-lacoste, Manon ; Yeung, Kenny ; Murphy, Richard ; Woods, Jeremy ; Mwabonje, Onesmus N. ; Ni, Yuanzhi ; Patel, Akshay D. ; Gallagher, Joe ; Bryant, David. / Second-generation bio-based plastics are becoming a reality - Non-renewable energy and greenhouse gas (GHG) balance of succinic acid-based plastic end products made from lignocellulosic biomass : NREU and GHG balance of succinic acid-based PBS products made from lignocellulosic biomass. In: Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining. 2018 ; Vol. 12, No. 3. pp. 426-441.

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@article{1a3be243afb546e79acf4ddb0f5c947a,
title = "Second-generation bio-based plastics are becoming a reality - Non-renewable energy and greenhouse gas (GHG) balance of succinic acid-based plastic end products made from lignocellulosic biomass: NREU and GHG balance of succinic acid-based PBS products made from lignocellulosic biomass",
abstract = "Bio-based and bio-degradable plastics such as polybutylene succinate (PBS) have the potential to become sustainable alternatives to petrochemical-based plastics. Polybutylene succinate can be produced from bio-based succinic acid and 1,4-butanediol using first-generation (1G) or second-generation (2G) sugars. A cradle-to-grave environmental assessment was performed for PBS products in Europe to investigate the non-renewable energy use (NREU) and greenhouse gas (GHG) impacts. The products investigated are single-use trays and agricultural film, with incineration, industrial composting and degradation on agricultural land as end-of-life scenarios. Both end products manufactured from fully bio-based PBS and from partly bio-based PBS (made from bio-based succinic acid and fossil fuel-based 1,4 butanediol) were analysed. We examine corn (1G) as well as corn stover, wheat straw, miscanthus and hardwood as 2G feedstocks. For the cradle-to-grave system, 1G fully bio-based PBS plastic products were found to have environmental impacts comparable with their petrochemical incumbents, while 2G fully bio-based PBS plastic products allow to reduce NREU and GHG by around one third under the condition of avoidance of concentration of sugars and energy integration of the pretreatment process with monomer production. Without energy integration and with concentration of sugars (i.e., separate production), the impacts of 2G fully bio-based PBS products are approximately 15–20{\%} lower than those of 1G fully bio-based PBS products. The environmental analysis of PBS products supports the value proposition related to PBS products while also pointing out areas requiring further research and development. {\circledC} 2018 Society of Chemical Industry and John Wiley & Sons, Ltd",
keywords = "bio-based polybutylene succinate, PBS, second generation feedstocks, energy balance, greenhouse gas emissions, GHG, LCA",
author = "Patel, {Martin K.} and Aude Bechu and Villegas, {Juan David} and Manon Bergez-lacoste and Kenny Yeung and Richard Murphy and Jeremy Woods and Mwabonje, {Onesmus N.} and Yuanzhi Ni and Patel, {Akshay D.} and Joe Gallagher and David Bryant",
year = "2018",
month = "6",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1002/bbb.1849",
language = "English",
volume = "12",
pages = "426--441",
journal = "Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining",
issn = "1932-104X",
publisher = "Wiley",
number = "3",

}

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Second-generation bio-based plastics are becoming a reality - Non-renewable energy and greenhouse gas (GHG) balance of succinic acid-based plastic end products made from lignocellulosic biomass

T2 - NREU and GHG balance of succinic acid-based PBS products made from lignocellulosic biomass

AU - Patel, Martin K.

AU - Bechu, Aude

AU - Villegas, Juan David

AU - Bergez-lacoste, Manon

AU - Yeung, Kenny

AU - Murphy, Richard

AU - Woods, Jeremy

AU - Mwabonje, Onesmus N.

AU - Ni, Yuanzhi

AU - Patel, Akshay D.

AU - Gallagher, Joe

AU - Bryant, David

PY - 2018/6/1

Y1 - 2018/6/1

N2 - Bio-based and bio-degradable plastics such as polybutylene succinate (PBS) have the potential to become sustainable alternatives to petrochemical-based plastics. Polybutylene succinate can be produced from bio-based succinic acid and 1,4-butanediol using first-generation (1G) or second-generation (2G) sugars. A cradle-to-grave environmental assessment was performed for PBS products in Europe to investigate the non-renewable energy use (NREU) and greenhouse gas (GHG) impacts. The products investigated are single-use trays and agricultural film, with incineration, industrial composting and degradation on agricultural land as end-of-life scenarios. Both end products manufactured from fully bio-based PBS and from partly bio-based PBS (made from bio-based succinic acid and fossil fuel-based 1,4 butanediol) were analysed. We examine corn (1G) as well as corn stover, wheat straw, miscanthus and hardwood as 2G feedstocks. For the cradle-to-grave system, 1G fully bio-based PBS plastic products were found to have environmental impacts comparable with their petrochemical incumbents, while 2G fully bio-based PBS plastic products allow to reduce NREU and GHG by around one third under the condition of avoidance of concentration of sugars and energy integration of the pretreatment process with monomer production. Without energy integration and with concentration of sugars (i.e., separate production), the impacts of 2G fully bio-based PBS products are approximately 15–20% lower than those of 1G fully bio-based PBS products. The environmental analysis of PBS products supports the value proposition related to PBS products while also pointing out areas requiring further research and development. © 2018 Society of Chemical Industry and John Wiley & Sons, Ltd

AB - Bio-based and bio-degradable plastics such as polybutylene succinate (PBS) have the potential to become sustainable alternatives to petrochemical-based plastics. Polybutylene succinate can be produced from bio-based succinic acid and 1,4-butanediol using first-generation (1G) or second-generation (2G) sugars. A cradle-to-grave environmental assessment was performed for PBS products in Europe to investigate the non-renewable energy use (NREU) and greenhouse gas (GHG) impacts. The products investigated are single-use trays and agricultural film, with incineration, industrial composting and degradation on agricultural land as end-of-life scenarios. Both end products manufactured from fully bio-based PBS and from partly bio-based PBS (made from bio-based succinic acid and fossil fuel-based 1,4 butanediol) were analysed. We examine corn (1G) as well as corn stover, wheat straw, miscanthus and hardwood as 2G feedstocks. For the cradle-to-grave system, 1G fully bio-based PBS plastic products were found to have environmental impacts comparable with their petrochemical incumbents, while 2G fully bio-based PBS plastic products allow to reduce NREU and GHG by around one third under the condition of avoidance of concentration of sugars and energy integration of the pretreatment process with monomer production. Without energy integration and with concentration of sugars (i.e., separate production), the impacts of 2G fully bio-based PBS products are approximately 15–20% lower than those of 1G fully bio-based PBS products. The environmental analysis of PBS products supports the value proposition related to PBS products while also pointing out areas requiring further research and development. © 2018 Society of Chemical Industry and John Wiley & Sons, Ltd

KW - bio-based polybutylene succinate

KW - PBS

KW - second generation feedstocks

KW - energy balance

KW - greenhouse gas emissions

KW - GHG

KW - LCA

U2 - 10.1002/bbb.1849

DO - 10.1002/bbb.1849

M3 - Article

VL - 12

SP - 426

EP - 441

JO - Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining

JF - Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining

SN - 1932-104X

IS - 3

ER -

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