Screening Miscanthus genotypes in field trials to optimise biomass yield and quality in Southern Germany

Standard

Screening Miscanthus genotypes in field trials to optimise biomass yield and quality in Southern Germany. / Clifton-Brown, John Cedric; Lewandowski, Iris.

In: European Journal of Agronomy, Vol. 16, No. 2, PII S1161-0301(01)00120-4, 03.2002, p. 97-110.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Clifton-Brown, JC & Lewandowski, I 2002, 'Screening Miscanthus genotypes in field trials to optimise biomass yield and quality in Southern Germany', European Journal of Agronomy, vol. 16, no. 2, PII S1161-0301(01)00120-4, pp. 97-110. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1161-0301(01)00120-4

Vancouver

Author

Clifton-Brown, John Cedric ; Lewandowski, Iris. / Screening Miscanthus genotypes in field trials to optimise biomass yield and quality in Southern Germany. In: European Journal of Agronomy. 2002 ; Vol. 16, No. 2. pp. 97-110.

Bibtex - Download

@article{18473b9db3df41199ce3778fe9cb850a,
title = "Screening Miscanthus genotypes in field trials to optimise biomass yield and quality in Southern Germany",
abstract = "Field experiments to test the biomass production from the C-4 perennial grass Miscanthus have concentrated on one triploid genotype, namely M. x giganteus. Several limitations to production from M. x giganteus including insufficient winter rhizome cold tolerance demonstrated the need to broaden the genetic base. This paper presents results from a field trial in Southern Germany planted with 15 Miscanthus genotypes including M. x giganteus, M. sacchariflorus, wild M. sinensis and bred M. sinensis hybrids over 3 years. Under field conditions, establishment from micro-propagation was high and all genotypes survived the first winter (losses <6%). Genotype growth characteristics were determined by measurements of height, shoot density, stem diameter. flowering time and autumn senescence rate. Increasing plant age was associated with higher yields (2, 6, and 17 t dry matter ha(-1) in autumn of years one to three, respectively) and better biomass qualities for combustion. Delaying harvest time from autumn until spring in the second and third years reduced harvestable yields but increased combustion quality by lowering moisture, ash, Cl and N contents for all genotypes. Yields were highest for the M. x giganteus and some newly bred M. sinensis hybrids, but biomass qualities were best in the pure M. sinensis genotypes. These trials showed that new hybrids between M. sacchariflorus and M. sinensis should be developed that have many growth characteristics similar to M. x giganteus but with improved rhizome freeze tolerance in winter. As the biomass yield and quality of a particular genotype after I year of growth does not always relate to that measured in subsequent years, identification of the most suitable genotypes requires at least 2 years. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.",
keywords = "ACCUMULATION, DEU, biomass, X-GIGANTEUS GREEF, combustion quality, senescence, genotypes, Miscanthus",
author = "Clifton-Brown, {John Cedric} and Iris Lewandowski",
year = "2002",
month = mar,
doi = "10.1016/S1161-0301(01)00120-4",
language = "English",
volume = "16",
pages = "97--110",
journal = "European Journal of Agronomy",
issn = "1161-0301",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "2",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) - Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Screening Miscanthus genotypes in field trials to optimise biomass yield and quality in Southern Germany

AU - Clifton-Brown, John Cedric

AU - Lewandowski, Iris

PY - 2002/3

Y1 - 2002/3

N2 - Field experiments to test the biomass production from the C-4 perennial grass Miscanthus have concentrated on one triploid genotype, namely M. x giganteus. Several limitations to production from M. x giganteus including insufficient winter rhizome cold tolerance demonstrated the need to broaden the genetic base. This paper presents results from a field trial in Southern Germany planted with 15 Miscanthus genotypes including M. x giganteus, M. sacchariflorus, wild M. sinensis and bred M. sinensis hybrids over 3 years. Under field conditions, establishment from micro-propagation was high and all genotypes survived the first winter (losses <6%). Genotype growth characteristics were determined by measurements of height, shoot density, stem diameter. flowering time and autumn senescence rate. Increasing plant age was associated with higher yields (2, 6, and 17 t dry matter ha(-1) in autumn of years one to three, respectively) and better biomass qualities for combustion. Delaying harvest time from autumn until spring in the second and third years reduced harvestable yields but increased combustion quality by lowering moisture, ash, Cl and N contents for all genotypes. Yields were highest for the M. x giganteus and some newly bred M. sinensis hybrids, but biomass qualities were best in the pure M. sinensis genotypes. These trials showed that new hybrids between M. sacchariflorus and M. sinensis should be developed that have many growth characteristics similar to M. x giganteus but with improved rhizome freeze tolerance in winter. As the biomass yield and quality of a particular genotype after I year of growth does not always relate to that measured in subsequent years, identification of the most suitable genotypes requires at least 2 years. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

AB - Field experiments to test the biomass production from the C-4 perennial grass Miscanthus have concentrated on one triploid genotype, namely M. x giganteus. Several limitations to production from M. x giganteus including insufficient winter rhizome cold tolerance demonstrated the need to broaden the genetic base. This paper presents results from a field trial in Southern Germany planted with 15 Miscanthus genotypes including M. x giganteus, M. sacchariflorus, wild M. sinensis and bred M. sinensis hybrids over 3 years. Under field conditions, establishment from micro-propagation was high and all genotypes survived the first winter (losses <6%). Genotype growth characteristics were determined by measurements of height, shoot density, stem diameter. flowering time and autumn senescence rate. Increasing plant age was associated with higher yields (2, 6, and 17 t dry matter ha(-1) in autumn of years one to three, respectively) and better biomass qualities for combustion. Delaying harvest time from autumn until spring in the second and third years reduced harvestable yields but increased combustion quality by lowering moisture, ash, Cl and N contents for all genotypes. Yields were highest for the M. x giganteus and some newly bred M. sinensis hybrids, but biomass qualities were best in the pure M. sinensis genotypes. These trials showed that new hybrids between M. sacchariflorus and M. sinensis should be developed that have many growth characteristics similar to M. x giganteus but with improved rhizome freeze tolerance in winter. As the biomass yield and quality of a particular genotype after I year of growth does not always relate to that measured in subsequent years, identification of the most suitable genotypes requires at least 2 years. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

KW - ACCUMULATION

KW - DEU

KW - biomass

KW - X-GIGANTEUS GREEF

KW - combustion quality

KW - senescence

KW - genotypes

KW - Miscanthus

UR - http://hdl.handle.net/2160/9071

U2 - 10.1016/S1161-0301(01)00120-4

DO - 10.1016/S1161-0301(01)00120-4

M3 - Article

VL - 16

SP - 97

EP - 110

JO - European Journal of Agronomy

JF - European Journal of Agronomy

SN - 1161-0301

IS - 2

M1 - PII S1161-0301(01)00120-4

ER -

View graph of relations
Citation formats