Production and utilization of ensiled forages by beef cattle, dairy cows, pregnant ewes and finishing lambs - A review

Standard

Production and utilization of ensiled forages by beef cattle, dairy cows, pregnant ewes and finishing lambs - A review. / Keady, Tim W. J.; Hanrahan, J. P.; Marley, Christina Louise; Scollan, Nigel David.

In: Agricultural and Food Science, Vol. 22, No. 1, 2013, p. 70-92.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Author

Bibtex - Download

@article{ecc9b98f659f47f1a9a35adcf5ee0b28,
title = "Production and utilization of ensiled forages by beef cattle, dairy cows, pregnant ewes and finishing lambs - A review",
abstract = "This paper reviews the production of, and factors affecting the performance of dairy cows, beef cattle and sheep offered silage based diets in Ireland and UK. Digestibility is the most important factor influencing the feed value of grass silage and consequently animal performance. Each 10 g kg-1 increase in digestive organic matter in the dry matter (DOMD) increases milk yield of dairy cows by 0.33 kg d-1, carcass gain of beef cattle by 23.8 g d-1 , carcass gain of finishing lambs by 9.3 g d-1, lamb birth weight by 52.3 g and ewe weight post lambing by 1.3 kg, respectively. Factors influencing feed value of grass silage are discussed including harvest date, wilting, fertilizer management, chop length and use of additives at ensiling. Maize silage increases the performance of cattle and sheep whilst whole crop wheat silage has no beneficial effect. Advances in silage technology, has enabled the ensiling high protein forages, such as red clover, lucerne and kale.",
keywords = "silage, utilisation, grass, maize, whole crop, diary cows, beef , sheep",
author = "Keady, {Tim W. J.} and Hanrahan, {J. P.} and Marley, {Christina Louise} and Scollan, {Nigel David}",
note = "Keady, T. W. J., Hanrahan, J. P., Marley, C. L., Scollan, N. D. (2013). Production and utilization of ensiled forages by beef cattle, dairy cows, pregnant ewes and finishing lambs - A review. Agricultural and Food Science, 22(1), 70-92.",
year = "2013",
language = "English",
volume = "22",
pages = "70--92",
journal = "Agricultural and Food Science",
issn = "1459-6067",
publisher = "MTT Agrifood Research Finland",
number = "1",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) - Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Production and utilization of ensiled forages by beef cattle, dairy cows, pregnant ewes and finishing lambs - A review

AU - Keady, Tim W. J.

AU - Hanrahan, J. P.

AU - Marley, Christina Louise

AU - Scollan, Nigel David

N1 - Keady, T. W. J., Hanrahan, J. P., Marley, C. L., Scollan, N. D. (2013). Production and utilization of ensiled forages by beef cattle, dairy cows, pregnant ewes and finishing lambs - A review. Agricultural and Food Science, 22(1), 70-92.

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - This paper reviews the production of, and factors affecting the performance of dairy cows, beef cattle and sheep offered silage based diets in Ireland and UK. Digestibility is the most important factor influencing the feed value of grass silage and consequently animal performance. Each 10 g kg-1 increase in digestive organic matter in the dry matter (DOMD) increases milk yield of dairy cows by 0.33 kg d-1, carcass gain of beef cattle by 23.8 g d-1 , carcass gain of finishing lambs by 9.3 g d-1, lamb birth weight by 52.3 g and ewe weight post lambing by 1.3 kg, respectively. Factors influencing feed value of grass silage are discussed including harvest date, wilting, fertilizer management, chop length and use of additives at ensiling. Maize silage increases the performance of cattle and sheep whilst whole crop wheat silage has no beneficial effect. Advances in silage technology, has enabled the ensiling high protein forages, such as red clover, lucerne and kale.

AB - This paper reviews the production of, and factors affecting the performance of dairy cows, beef cattle and sheep offered silage based diets in Ireland and UK. Digestibility is the most important factor influencing the feed value of grass silage and consequently animal performance. Each 10 g kg-1 increase in digestive organic matter in the dry matter (DOMD) increases milk yield of dairy cows by 0.33 kg d-1, carcass gain of beef cattle by 23.8 g d-1 , carcass gain of finishing lambs by 9.3 g d-1, lamb birth weight by 52.3 g and ewe weight post lambing by 1.3 kg, respectively. Factors influencing feed value of grass silage are discussed including harvest date, wilting, fertilizer management, chop length and use of additives at ensiling. Maize silage increases the performance of cattle and sheep whilst whole crop wheat silage has no beneficial effect. Advances in silage technology, has enabled the ensiling high protein forages, such as red clover, lucerne and kale.

KW - silage

KW - utilisation

KW - grass

KW - maize

KW - whole crop

KW - diary cows

KW - beef

KW - sheep

UR - http://hdl.handle.net/2160/11429

M3 - Article

VL - 22

SP - 70

EP - 92

JO - Agricultural and Food Science

JF - Agricultural and Food Science

SN - 1459-6067

IS - 1

ER -

View graph of relations
Citation formats