Pearl millet genome sequence provides a resource to improve agronomic traits in arid environments

Authors Organisations
  • Rajeev K. Varshney(Author)
    International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics
  • Chengcheng Shi(Author)
    Beijing Genomics Institute
  • Mahendar Thudi(Author)
    International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics
  • Cedric Mariac(Author)
    Institut de recherche pour le développement
  • Jason Wallace (Author)
    Cornell University
    University of Georgia
  • He Zhang(Author)
    Beijing Genomics Institute
  • Arindam Ghatak(Author)
    University of Vienna
    D.Y. Patil University
  • Palak Chaturvedi(Author)
    University of Vienna
  • Yusheng Zhao(Author)
    Leibniz Institute of Plant Genetics and Crop Plant Research (IPK)
  • Xiyin Wang(Author)
    University of Georgia
  • Abhishek Rathore(Author)
    International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics
  • Jianping Wang(Author)
    University of Florida
  • Rakesh Srivastava(Author)
    International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics
  • Annapurna Chitikineni(Author)
    International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics
  • Guangyi Fan(Author)
    Beijing Genomics Institute
  • Somashekhar Punnuri(Author)
    Fort Valley State University
  • S.K. Gupta(Author)
    International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics
  • Yong Jiang(Author)
    Leibniz Institute of Plant Genetics and Crop Plant Research (IPK)
  • Marie Couderc(Author)
    Institut de recherche pour le développement
  • Prasad Bajaj(Author)
    International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics
  • Mohan A.V.S.K. Katta(Author)
    International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics
  • Dev R Paudel(Author)
    University of Florida
  • K.D. Mungra(Author)
    Junagadh Agricultural University
  • Wenbin Chen(Author)
    Beijing Genomics Institute
  • Karen R. Harris-Shultz(Author)
    University of Florida
    USDA-Forest Service
  • Vanika Garg(Author)
    International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics
  • Neetin Desai(Author)
    University of Vienna
    Amity University
  • Dadakhalandar Doddamani(Author)
    International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics
  • Ndjido Kane(Author)
    Senegalese Institute for Agricultural Research
  • Joann A. Conner(Author)
    University of Georgia
  • Sabarinath Subramaniam(Author)
    University of Arizona
  • Om Prakash Yadav(Author)
    Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR)
  • Cécile Berthouly-Salazard(Author)
    Institut de recherche pour le développement
  • Falalou Hamidu(Author)
    International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics
  • Xinming Liang(Author)
    Beijing Genomics Institute
  • Jeremy Clotault(Author)
    Institut de recherche pour le développement
  • Mame Codou Gueye(Author)
    Senegalese Institute for Agricultural Research
  • Ramanujulu Sunkar(Author)
    Oklahoma State University - Stillwater
  • Christian Dupuy(Author)
    Institut de recherche pour le développement
  • Francesca Sparvoli(Author)
    Italian National Research Council
  • Shifeng Cheng(Author)
    Beijing Genomics Institute
  • R.S. Mahala(Author)
    Pioneer Hi-Bred Private Limited
  • Bharat Singh(Author)
    Fort Valley State University
  • Rattan Yadav(Author)
  • Eric Lyons(Author)
    University of Arizona
  • Swapan K. Datta(Author)
    Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR)
    Visva-Bharati University
  • C.Tom Hash(Author)
    International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics
  • Katrien M. Devos(Author)
    University of Vienna
  • Edward Buckler(Author)
    Cornell University
    USDA-Forest Service
  • Jeffrey L. Bennetzen(Author)
    University of Georgia
  • Andrew H. Paterson(Author)
    University of Georgia
  • Peggy Ozias-Akins(Author)
    University of Georgia
  • Stefania Grando(Author)
    International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics
  • Jun Wang(Author)
    Beijing Genomics Institute
  • Jochen C. Reif(Author)
    Leibniz Institute of Plant Genetics and Crop Plant Research (IPK)
  • Wolfram Weckwerth(Author)
    University of Vienna
  • Xin Liu(Author)
    Beijing Genomics Institute
  • Jian-Xin Liu(Author)
    Zhejiang University
  • Yves Vigouroux(Author)
    Institut de recherche pour le développement
  • Xun Xu(Author)
    Beijing Genomics Institute
Type Article
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)969-976
JournalNature Biotechnology
Volume35
Early online date18 Sep 2017
DOI
Publication statusPublished - 01 Oct 2017
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Abstract

Pearl millet [Pennisetum glaucum (L.) R. Br., syn. Cenchrus americanus (L.) Morrone], is a staple food for over 90 million poor farmers in arid and semi-arid regions of sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia. We report the ~1.79 Gb genome sequence of reference genotype Tift 23D2B1-P1-P5, which contains an estimated 38,579 genes. Resequencing analysis of 994 (963 inbreds of the highly cross-pollinated cultigen, and 31 wild accessions) provides insights into population structure, genetic diversity, evolution and domestication history. In addition we demonstrated the use of re-sequence data for establishing marker trait associations, genomic selection and prediction of hybrid performance and defining heterotic pools. The genome wide variations and abiotic stress proteome data are useful resources for pearl millet improvement through deploying modern breeding tools for accelerating genetic gains in pearl millet.

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