PCR and Omics Based Techniques to Study the Diversity, Ecology and Biology of Anaerobic FungiInsights, Challenges, and Opportunities

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PCR and Omics Based Techniques to Study the Diversity, Ecology and Biology of Anaerobic Fungi : Insights, Challenges, and Opportunities. / Edwards, Joan Elizabeth; Forster, Robert J.; Callaghan, Tony; Dollhofer, Veronika; Dagar, Sumit; Cheng, Yanfen; Chang, Jongsoo; Kittelmann, Sandra; Fliegerova, Katerina; Puniya, Anil ; Henske, John; Gilmore, Sean; O'Malley, Michelle; Griffith, Gareth; Smidt, Hauke.

In: Frontiers in Microbiology, Vol. 8, 1657, 25.09.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Harvard

Edwards, JE, Forster, RJ, Callaghan, T, Dollhofer, V, Dagar, S, Cheng, Y, Chang, J, Kittelmann, S, Fliegerova, K, Puniya, A, Henske, J, Gilmore, S, O'Malley, M, Griffith, G & Smidt, H 2017, 'PCR and Omics Based Techniques to Study the Diversity, Ecology and Biology of Anaerobic Fungi: Insights, Challenges, and Opportunities', Frontiers in Microbiology, vol. 8, 1657. https://doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2017.01657

APA

Edwards, J. E., Forster, R. J., Callaghan, T., Dollhofer, V., Dagar, S., Cheng, Y., Chang, J., Kittelmann, S., Fliegerova, K., Puniya, A., Henske, J., Gilmore, S., O'Malley, M., Griffith, G., & Smidt, H. (2017). PCR and Omics Based Techniques to Study the Diversity, Ecology and Biology of Anaerobic Fungi: Insights, Challenges, and Opportunities. Frontiers in Microbiology, 8, [1657]. https://doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2017.01657

Vancouver

Edwards JE, Forster RJ, Callaghan T, Dollhofer V, Dagar S, Cheng Y et al. PCR and Omics Based Techniques to Study the Diversity, Ecology and Biology of Anaerobic Fungi: Insights, Challenges, and Opportunities. Frontiers in Microbiology. 2017 Sep 25;8. 1657. https://doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2017.01657

Author

Edwards, Joan Elizabeth ; Forster, Robert J. ; Callaghan, Tony ; Dollhofer, Veronika ; Dagar, Sumit ; Cheng, Yanfen ; Chang, Jongsoo ; Kittelmann, Sandra ; Fliegerova, Katerina ; Puniya, Anil ; Henske, John ; Gilmore, Sean ; O'Malley, Michelle ; Griffith, Gareth ; Smidt, Hauke. / PCR and Omics Based Techniques to Study the Diversity, Ecology and Biology of Anaerobic Fungi : Insights, Challenges, and Opportunities. In: Frontiers in Microbiology. 2017 ; Vol. 8.

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@article{613049eb36354521a86d6470f028eed1,
title = "PCR and Omics Based Techniques to Study the Diversity, Ecology and Biology of Anaerobic Fungi: Insights, Challenges, and Opportunities",
abstract = "Anaerobic fungi (phylum Neocallimastigomycota) are common inhabitants of the digestive tract of mammalian herbivores, and in the rumen, can account for up to 20% of the microbial biomass. Anaerobic fungi play a primary role in the degradation of lignocellulosic plant material. They also have a syntrophic interaction with methanogenic archaea, which increases their fiber degradation activity. To date, nine anaerobic fungal genera have been described, with further novel taxonomic groupings known to exist based on culture-independent molecular surveys. However, the true extent of their diversity may be even more extensively underestimated as anaerobic fungi continue being discovered in yet unexplored gut and non-gut environments. Additionally many studies are now known to have used primers that provide incomplete coverage of the Neocallimastigomycota. For ecological studies the internal transcribed spacer 1 region (ITS1) has been the taxonomic marker of choice, but due to various limitations the large subunit rRNA (LSU) is now being increasingly used. How the continued expansion of our knowledge regarding anaerobic fungal diversity will impact on our understanding of their biology and ecological role remains unclear; particularly as it is becoming apparent that anaerobic fungi display niche differentiation. As a consequence, there is a need to move beyond the broad generalisation of anaerobic fungi as fiber-degraders, and explore the fundamental differences that underpin their ability to exist in distinct ecological niches. Application of genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics and metabolomics to their study in pure/mixed cultures and environmental samples will be invaluable in this process. To date the genomes and transcriptomes of several characterized anaerobic fungal isolates have been successfully generated. In contrast, the application of proteomics and metabolomics to anaerobic fungal analysis is still in its infancy. A central problem for all analyses, however, is the limited functional annotation of anaerobic fungal sequence data. There is therefore an urgent need to expand information held within publicly available reference databases. Once this challenge is overcome, along with improved sample collection and extraction, the application of these techniques will be key in furthering our understanding of the ecological role and impact of anaerobic fungi in the wide range of environments they inhabit",
keywords = "anaerobic fungi, Neocallimastigomycota, rumen, phylogeny, genomics, (meta) transcriptomics, proteomics, metabolomics",
author = "Edwards, {Joan Elizabeth} and Forster, {Robert J.} and Tony Callaghan and Veronika Dollhofer and Sumit Dagar and Yanfen Cheng and Jongsoo Chang and Sandra Kittelmann and Katerina Fliegerova and Anil Puniya and John Henske and Sean Gilmore and Michelle O'Malley and Gareth Griffith and Hauke Smidt",
year = "2017",
month = sep,
day = "25",
doi = "10.3389/fmicb.2017.01657",
language = "English",
volume = "8",
journal = "Frontiers in Microbiology",
issn = "1664-302X",
publisher = "Frontiers Media",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) - Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - PCR and Omics Based Techniques to Study the Diversity, Ecology and Biology of Anaerobic Fungi

T2 - Insights, Challenges, and Opportunities

AU - Edwards, Joan Elizabeth

AU - Forster, Robert J.

AU - Callaghan, Tony

AU - Dollhofer, Veronika

AU - Dagar, Sumit

AU - Cheng, Yanfen

AU - Chang, Jongsoo

AU - Kittelmann, Sandra

AU - Fliegerova, Katerina

AU - Puniya, Anil

AU - Henske, John

AU - Gilmore, Sean

AU - O'Malley, Michelle

AU - Griffith, Gareth

AU - Smidt, Hauke

PY - 2017/9/25

Y1 - 2017/9/25

N2 - Anaerobic fungi (phylum Neocallimastigomycota) are common inhabitants of the digestive tract of mammalian herbivores, and in the rumen, can account for up to 20% of the microbial biomass. Anaerobic fungi play a primary role in the degradation of lignocellulosic plant material. They also have a syntrophic interaction with methanogenic archaea, which increases their fiber degradation activity. To date, nine anaerobic fungal genera have been described, with further novel taxonomic groupings known to exist based on culture-independent molecular surveys. However, the true extent of their diversity may be even more extensively underestimated as anaerobic fungi continue being discovered in yet unexplored gut and non-gut environments. Additionally many studies are now known to have used primers that provide incomplete coverage of the Neocallimastigomycota. For ecological studies the internal transcribed spacer 1 region (ITS1) has been the taxonomic marker of choice, but due to various limitations the large subunit rRNA (LSU) is now being increasingly used. How the continued expansion of our knowledge regarding anaerobic fungal diversity will impact on our understanding of their biology and ecological role remains unclear; particularly as it is becoming apparent that anaerobic fungi display niche differentiation. As a consequence, there is a need to move beyond the broad generalisation of anaerobic fungi as fiber-degraders, and explore the fundamental differences that underpin their ability to exist in distinct ecological niches. Application of genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics and metabolomics to their study in pure/mixed cultures and environmental samples will be invaluable in this process. To date the genomes and transcriptomes of several characterized anaerobic fungal isolates have been successfully generated. In contrast, the application of proteomics and metabolomics to anaerobic fungal analysis is still in its infancy. A central problem for all analyses, however, is the limited functional annotation of anaerobic fungal sequence data. There is therefore an urgent need to expand information held within publicly available reference databases. Once this challenge is overcome, along with improved sample collection and extraction, the application of these techniques will be key in furthering our understanding of the ecological role and impact of anaerobic fungi in the wide range of environments they inhabit

AB - Anaerobic fungi (phylum Neocallimastigomycota) are common inhabitants of the digestive tract of mammalian herbivores, and in the rumen, can account for up to 20% of the microbial biomass. Anaerobic fungi play a primary role in the degradation of lignocellulosic plant material. They also have a syntrophic interaction with methanogenic archaea, which increases their fiber degradation activity. To date, nine anaerobic fungal genera have been described, with further novel taxonomic groupings known to exist based on culture-independent molecular surveys. However, the true extent of their diversity may be even more extensively underestimated as anaerobic fungi continue being discovered in yet unexplored gut and non-gut environments. Additionally many studies are now known to have used primers that provide incomplete coverage of the Neocallimastigomycota. For ecological studies the internal transcribed spacer 1 region (ITS1) has been the taxonomic marker of choice, but due to various limitations the large subunit rRNA (LSU) is now being increasingly used. How the continued expansion of our knowledge regarding anaerobic fungal diversity will impact on our understanding of their biology and ecological role remains unclear; particularly as it is becoming apparent that anaerobic fungi display niche differentiation. As a consequence, there is a need to move beyond the broad generalisation of anaerobic fungi as fiber-degraders, and explore the fundamental differences that underpin their ability to exist in distinct ecological niches. Application of genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics and metabolomics to their study in pure/mixed cultures and environmental samples will be invaluable in this process. To date the genomes and transcriptomes of several characterized anaerobic fungal isolates have been successfully generated. In contrast, the application of proteomics and metabolomics to anaerobic fungal analysis is still in its infancy. A central problem for all analyses, however, is the limited functional annotation of anaerobic fungal sequence data. There is therefore an urgent need to expand information held within publicly available reference databases. Once this challenge is overcome, along with improved sample collection and extraction, the application of these techniques will be key in furthering our understanding of the ecological role and impact of anaerobic fungi in the wide range of environments they inhabit

KW - anaerobic fungi

KW - Neocallimastigomycota

KW - rumen

KW - phylogeny

KW - genomics

KW - (meta) transcriptomics

KW - proteomics

KW - metabolomics

U2 - 10.3389/fmicb.2017.01657

DO - 10.3389/fmicb.2017.01657

M3 - Article

C2 - 28993761

VL - 8

JO - Frontiers in Microbiology

JF - Frontiers in Microbiology

SN - 1664-302X

M1 - 1657

ER -

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