Natural convection of water and nano-emulsion phase change material inside a square enclosure to cool the electronic components

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Natural convection of water and nano-emulsion phase change material inside a square enclosure to cool the electronic components. / Syah, Rahmad; Davarpanah, Afshin; Elveny, Marischa; Ramdan, Dadan.

In: International Journal of Energy Research, 27.09.2021.

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Syah, Rahmad ; Davarpanah, Afshin ; Elveny, Marischa ; Ramdan, Dadan. / Natural convection of water and nano-emulsion phase change material inside a square enclosure to cool the electronic components. In: International Journal of Energy Research. 2021.

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@article{2b9d584c631d4894881ad41d2b83bbc2,
title = "Natural convection of water and nano-emulsion phase change material inside a square enclosure to cool the electronic components",
abstract = "The usage of natural convection has many applications for cooling and controlling the temperature of electronic components. Therefore, in the present simulation, the average Nusselt number and maximum temperature of surface's electronic components are studied by adding nano-emulsion phase change material (NPCM) with water as the base fluid. Because, the previous studies show that adding NPCM to a base fluid can increase the specific heat capacity of a mixture in order to change the phase in the solid–liquid transition. The used NPCM consists of n-eicosane as a core and sodium lauryl sulphate as a shell. The geometry includes a square enclosure with the top wall as a cold wall and the bottom wall as a hot electronic component with constant heat flux. In the current study, the effects of Rayleigh numbers ((Formula presented.)), cold wall temperature ((Formula presented.)), and volume fraction of NPCM ((Formula presented.)) are investigated to understand the behaviors of NPCM on heat transfer parameters. The observations show that the average Nusselt number is directly related to Rayleigh number and thickness of the phase change zone. Moreover, the optimal value of volume fraction is 0.012 that increases average Nusselt number 7.3% and 5.4% for low and high Rayleigh numbers, respectively.",
keywords = "electronic components cooling, N-eicosane, nano-emulsion phase change material, natural convection, water-NPCM",
author = "Rahmad Syah and Afshin Davarpanah and Marischa Elveny and Dadan Ramdan",
note = "Publisher Copyright: {\textcopyright} 2021 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.",
year = "2021",
month = sep,
day = "27",
doi = "10.1002/er.7316",
language = "English",
journal = "International Journal of Energy Research",
issn = "0363-907X",
publisher = "Wiley",

}

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Natural convection of water and nano-emulsion phase change material inside a square enclosure to cool the electronic components

AU - Syah, Rahmad

AU - Davarpanah, Afshin

AU - Elveny, Marischa

AU - Ramdan, Dadan

N1 - Publisher Copyright: © 2021 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

PY - 2021/9/27

Y1 - 2021/9/27

N2 - The usage of natural convection has many applications for cooling and controlling the temperature of electronic components. Therefore, in the present simulation, the average Nusselt number and maximum temperature of surface's electronic components are studied by adding nano-emulsion phase change material (NPCM) with water as the base fluid. Because, the previous studies show that adding NPCM to a base fluid can increase the specific heat capacity of a mixture in order to change the phase in the solid–liquid transition. The used NPCM consists of n-eicosane as a core and sodium lauryl sulphate as a shell. The geometry includes a square enclosure with the top wall as a cold wall and the bottom wall as a hot electronic component with constant heat flux. In the current study, the effects of Rayleigh numbers ((Formula presented.)), cold wall temperature ((Formula presented.)), and volume fraction of NPCM ((Formula presented.)) are investigated to understand the behaviors of NPCM on heat transfer parameters. The observations show that the average Nusselt number is directly related to Rayleigh number and thickness of the phase change zone. Moreover, the optimal value of volume fraction is 0.012 that increases average Nusselt number 7.3% and 5.4% for low and high Rayleigh numbers, respectively.

AB - The usage of natural convection has many applications for cooling and controlling the temperature of electronic components. Therefore, in the present simulation, the average Nusselt number and maximum temperature of surface's electronic components are studied by adding nano-emulsion phase change material (NPCM) with water as the base fluid. Because, the previous studies show that adding NPCM to a base fluid can increase the specific heat capacity of a mixture in order to change the phase in the solid–liquid transition. The used NPCM consists of n-eicosane as a core and sodium lauryl sulphate as a shell. The geometry includes a square enclosure with the top wall as a cold wall and the bottom wall as a hot electronic component with constant heat flux. In the current study, the effects of Rayleigh numbers ((Formula presented.)), cold wall temperature ((Formula presented.)), and volume fraction of NPCM ((Formula presented.)) are investigated to understand the behaviors of NPCM on heat transfer parameters. The observations show that the average Nusselt number is directly related to Rayleigh number and thickness of the phase change zone. Moreover, the optimal value of volume fraction is 0.012 that increases average Nusselt number 7.3% and 5.4% for low and high Rayleigh numbers, respectively.

KW - electronic components cooling

KW - N-eicosane

KW - nano-emulsion phase change material

KW - natural convection

KW - water-NPCM

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85115789822&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1002/er.7316

DO - 10.1002/er.7316

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85115789822

JO - International Journal of Energy Research

JF - International Journal of Energy Research

SN - 0363-907X

ER -

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