Multiwavelength Imaging and Spectral Analysis of Jet-like Phenomena in a Solar Active Region Using IRIS and AIA

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Type Article
Original languageEnglish
Article number17
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 17 Jul 2020
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High-resolution observations of dynamic phenomena give insights into the properties and processes that govern the low solar atmosphere. We present an analysis of jet-like phenomena emanating from a penumbral footpoint in active region (AR) 12192 using imaging and spectral observations from the Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS) and the Atmospheric Imaging Assembly (AIA) on board the Solar Dynamics Observatory. These jets are associated with line-of-sight Doppler speeds of ±10-22 km s-1 and bright fronts that seem to move across the plane-of-sky at speeds of 23-130 km s-1. Such speeds are considerably higher than the expected sound speed in the chromosphere. The jets have signatures that are visible both in the cool and hot channels of IRIS and AIA. Each jet lasts on average 15 minutes and occurs 5-7 times over a period of 2 hr. Possible mechanisms to explain this phenomenon are suggested, the most likely of which involve p-mode or Alfvén wave shock trains impinging on the transition region and corona as a result of steepening photospheric wavefronts or gravity waves.