Measured and modelled effect of land use change from temperate grassland to Miscanthus on soil carbon stocks after 12 years

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Measured and modelled effect of land use change from temperate grassland to Miscanthus on soil carbon stocks after 12 years. / Holder, Amanda Jane; Clifton-Brown, John; Rowe, Rebecca; Robson, Paul; Elias, Dafydd; Dondini, Marta; McNamara, Niall; Donnison, Iain; McCalmont, Jon.

In: GCB Bioenergy, Vol. 11, No. 10, 01.10.2019, p. 1173-1186.

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Holder, Amanda Jane ; Clifton-Brown, John ; Rowe, Rebecca ; Robson, Paul ; Elias, Dafydd ; Dondini, Marta ; McNamara, Niall ; Donnison, Iain ; McCalmont, Jon. / Measured and modelled effect of land use change from temperate grassland to Miscanthus on soil carbon stocks after 12 years. In: GCB Bioenergy. 2019 ; Vol. 11, No. 10. pp. 1173-1186.

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@article{9b47a7ea99c04d9eb0ec9fe1cacedd63,
title = "Measured and modelled effect of land use change from temperate grassland to Miscanthus on soil carbon stocks after 12 years",
abstract = "Soil organic carbon (SOC) is an important carbon pool susceptible to land use change. There are concerns that converting grasslands to the C4 bioenergy crop Miscanthus (to meet demands for renewable energy) could negatively impact SOC, resulting in reductions of greenhouse gas mitigation benefits gained from using Miscanthus as a fuel. This work addresses these concerns by sampling soils (0‐30 cm) from a site twelve years (T12) after conversion from marginal agricultural grassland to M. x giganteus and four other novel Miscanthus hybrids. Soil samples were analysed for changes in below ground biomass, SOC, and Miscanthus contribution to SOC (using a 13C natural abundance approach). Findings are compared to ECOSSE soil carbon model results (run for a land use change from grassland to Miscanthus scenario and continued grassland counterfactual), and wider implications are considered in the context of life cycle assessments based on the heating value of the dry matter (DM) feedstock.Mean T12 SOC stock at the site was 8 (+/‐ 1, standard error) Mg C ha−1 lower than baseline time zero stocks (T0), with assessment of the five individual hybrids showing that whilst all had lower SOC stock than at T0 the difference was only significant for a single hybrid. Over the longer term, new Miscanthus C4 carbon replaces pre‐existing C3 carbon, though not at a high enough rate to completely offset losses by the end of year 12. At the end of simulated crop lifetime (fifteen years) the difference in SOC stocks between the two scenarios was 4 Mg C ha−1 (5 g CO2‐eq MJ−1). Including modelled land use change induced SOC loss, along with carbon costs relating to soil nitrous oxide emissions, doubled the greenhouse gas intensity of Miscanthus to give a total global warming potential of 10 g CO2‐eq MJ−1 (180 kg CO2‐eq Mg−1 DM).This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.",
keywords = "land use change, bioenergy, miscanthus, pasture, soil organic carbon, life cycle assessment",
author = "Holder, {Amanda Jane} and John Clifton-Brown and Rebecca Rowe and Paul Robson and Dafydd Elias and Marta Dondini and Niall McNamara and Iain Donnison and Jon McCalmont",
year = "2019",
month = "10",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1111/gcbb.12624",
language = "English",
volume = "11",
pages = "1173--1186",
journal = "GCB Bioenergy",
issn = "1757-1693",
publisher = "Wiley",
number = "10",

}

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Measured and modelled effect of land use change from temperate grassland to Miscanthus on soil carbon stocks after 12 years

AU - Holder, Amanda Jane

AU - Clifton-Brown, John

AU - Rowe, Rebecca

AU - Robson, Paul

AU - Elias, Dafydd

AU - Dondini, Marta

AU - McNamara, Niall

AU - Donnison, Iain

AU - McCalmont, Jon

PY - 2019/10/1

Y1 - 2019/10/1

N2 - Soil organic carbon (SOC) is an important carbon pool susceptible to land use change. There are concerns that converting grasslands to the C4 bioenergy crop Miscanthus (to meet demands for renewable energy) could negatively impact SOC, resulting in reductions of greenhouse gas mitigation benefits gained from using Miscanthus as a fuel. This work addresses these concerns by sampling soils (0‐30 cm) from a site twelve years (T12) after conversion from marginal agricultural grassland to M. x giganteus and four other novel Miscanthus hybrids. Soil samples were analysed for changes in below ground biomass, SOC, and Miscanthus contribution to SOC (using a 13C natural abundance approach). Findings are compared to ECOSSE soil carbon model results (run for a land use change from grassland to Miscanthus scenario and continued grassland counterfactual), and wider implications are considered in the context of life cycle assessments based on the heating value of the dry matter (DM) feedstock.Mean T12 SOC stock at the site was 8 (+/‐ 1, standard error) Mg C ha−1 lower than baseline time zero stocks (T0), with assessment of the five individual hybrids showing that whilst all had lower SOC stock than at T0 the difference was only significant for a single hybrid. Over the longer term, new Miscanthus C4 carbon replaces pre‐existing C3 carbon, though not at a high enough rate to completely offset losses by the end of year 12. At the end of simulated crop lifetime (fifteen years) the difference in SOC stocks between the two scenarios was 4 Mg C ha−1 (5 g CO2‐eq MJ−1). Including modelled land use change induced SOC loss, along with carbon costs relating to soil nitrous oxide emissions, doubled the greenhouse gas intensity of Miscanthus to give a total global warming potential of 10 g CO2‐eq MJ−1 (180 kg CO2‐eq Mg−1 DM).This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

AB - Soil organic carbon (SOC) is an important carbon pool susceptible to land use change. There are concerns that converting grasslands to the C4 bioenergy crop Miscanthus (to meet demands for renewable energy) could negatively impact SOC, resulting in reductions of greenhouse gas mitigation benefits gained from using Miscanthus as a fuel. This work addresses these concerns by sampling soils (0‐30 cm) from a site twelve years (T12) after conversion from marginal agricultural grassland to M. x giganteus and four other novel Miscanthus hybrids. Soil samples were analysed for changes in below ground biomass, SOC, and Miscanthus contribution to SOC (using a 13C natural abundance approach). Findings are compared to ECOSSE soil carbon model results (run for a land use change from grassland to Miscanthus scenario and continued grassland counterfactual), and wider implications are considered in the context of life cycle assessments based on the heating value of the dry matter (DM) feedstock.Mean T12 SOC stock at the site was 8 (+/‐ 1, standard error) Mg C ha−1 lower than baseline time zero stocks (T0), with assessment of the five individual hybrids showing that whilst all had lower SOC stock than at T0 the difference was only significant for a single hybrid. Over the longer term, new Miscanthus C4 carbon replaces pre‐existing C3 carbon, though not at a high enough rate to completely offset losses by the end of year 12. At the end of simulated crop lifetime (fifteen years) the difference in SOC stocks between the two scenarios was 4 Mg C ha−1 (5 g CO2‐eq MJ−1). Including modelled land use change induced SOC loss, along with carbon costs relating to soil nitrous oxide emissions, doubled the greenhouse gas intensity of Miscanthus to give a total global warming potential of 10 g CO2‐eq MJ−1 (180 kg CO2‐eq Mg−1 DM).This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

KW - land use change

KW - bioenergy

KW - miscanthus

KW - pasture

KW - soil organic carbon

KW - life cycle assessment

U2 - 10.1111/gcbb.12624

DO - 10.1111/gcbb.12624

M3 - Article

VL - 11

SP - 1173

EP - 1186

JO - GCB Bioenergy

JF - GCB Bioenergy

SN - 1757-1693

IS - 10

ER -

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