Last Glacial loess in the conterminous USA

Authors Organisations
Type Review article
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1907-1946
Number of pages40
JournalQuaternary Science Reviews
Volume22
Issue number18-19
DOI
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2003
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Abstract

The conterminous United States contains an extensive and generally well-studied record of Last Glacial loess. The loess occurs in diverse physiographic provinces, and under a wide range of climatic and ecological conditions. Both glacial and non-glacial loess sources are present, and many properties of the loess vary systematically with distance from loess sources. United States' mid-continent Last Glacial loess is probably the thickest in the world, and our calculated mass accumulation rates (MARS) are as high as 17,500 g/m(2)/yr at the Bignell Hill locality in Nebraska, and many near-source localities have MARS greater than 1500 g/m(2)/yr. These MARS are high relative to rates calculated in other loess provinces around the world. Recent models of Last Glacial dust sources fail to predict the extent and magnitude of dust flux from the mid-continent of the United States. A better understanding of linkages between climate, ice sheet behaviour, routing of glacial meltwater, land surface processes beyond the ice margin, and vegetation is needed to improve the predictive capabilities of models simulating dust flux from this region. (C) 2003 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Keywords

  • WESTERN IOWA, LATE QUATERNARY LOESS, LATE PLEISTOCENE LOESS, ROXANA SILT, CENTRAL UNITED-STATES, LAURENTIDE ICE-SHEET, SOUTH-CENTRAL NEBRASKA, MISSISSIPPI RIVER VALLEY, CENTRAL GREAT-PLAINS, PEORIA-LOESS