Investigating the impact of ecosystem change within agriculture on the soil food web.

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Investigating the impact of ecosystem change within agriculture on the soil food web. / Crotty, Felicity; Fychan, Rhun; Scullion, John; Sanderson, Ruth; Marley, Christina.

2014. Abstract from First Global Soil Biodiversity Initiative Conference, Dijon, France.

Research output: Contribution to conferenceAbstract

Harvard

Crotty, F, Fychan, R, Scullion, J, Sanderson, R & Marley, C 2014, 'Investigating the impact of ecosystem change within agriculture on the soil food web.', First Global Soil Biodiversity Initiative Conference, Dijon, France, 02 Dec 2014 - 05 Dec 2014.

APA

Crotty, F., Fychan, R., Scullion, J., Sanderson, R., & Marley, C. (2014). Investigating the impact of ecosystem change within agriculture on the soil food web.. Abstract from First Global Soil Biodiversity Initiative Conference, Dijon, France.

Vancouver

Crotty F, Fychan R, Scullion J, Sanderson R, Marley C. Investigating the impact of ecosystem change within agriculture on the soil food web.. 2014. Abstract from First Global Soil Biodiversity Initiative Conference, Dijon, France.

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@conference{4599569485da48048074ed4ba523704e,
title = "Investigating the impact of ecosystem change within agriculture on the soil food web.",
abstract = "The soil invertebrate food web drives nutrient cycling and decomposition. However, the food web can be affected by perturbations differently depending on plant type within an ecosystem. An experiment was set up to test the hypothesis that previous forage cropping and cultivation method would alter the soil ecosystem leading to changes in the food web, during crop rotation. Plots were grown containing monocultures of chicory (Cichorium intybus), red or white clover (Trifolium pratense, T. repens) and perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne). Four replicate plots of the forages were established (12 x 7.5m) in 2009; these were split (10 x 3.75m) in spring 2013 and wheat established either after ploughing, or seeds directly drilled; with wheat harvested autumn 2013. It was hypothesised that direct drill would disturb the food web less than ploughing, whilst the plots which were previously legumes would retain a different soil faunalpopulation, even though the crop was the same across all plots. The effect on soil faunal populations of these previous different forage crops and sowing method were assessed after wheat harvest; the soil fauna sampled included microfauna, mesofauna, and macrofauna. Overall our results have shown that for a number of soil faunal groups across the three scales of sampling, the previous forage still had a significant effect over the current soil food web, even though the ecosystem has now been standardised between the different plots. There was also a significant affect over all soil faunal populations when assessing the difference in cultivation method – plough versus direct drill. Our findings have begun to show the linkage between soil biodiversity and the effect of agriculture on the whole ecosystem and shows the potential for managing a healthy soil food web and maintaining it, within agricultural production. ",
keywords = "Soil food webs, agro-ecology, ecosystem engineers, mesofauna",
author = "Felicity Crotty and Rhun Fychan and John Scullion and Ruth Sanderson and Christina Marley",
year = "2014",
language = "English",
note = "First Global Soil Biodiversity Initiative Conference ; Conference date: 02-12-2014 Through 05-12-2014",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) - Download

TY - CONF

T1 - Investigating the impact of ecosystem change within agriculture on the soil food web.

AU - Crotty, Felicity

AU - Fychan, Rhun

AU - Scullion, John

AU - Sanderson, Ruth

AU - Marley, Christina

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - The soil invertebrate food web drives nutrient cycling and decomposition. However, the food web can be affected by perturbations differently depending on plant type within an ecosystem. An experiment was set up to test the hypothesis that previous forage cropping and cultivation method would alter the soil ecosystem leading to changes in the food web, during crop rotation. Plots were grown containing monocultures of chicory (Cichorium intybus), red or white clover (Trifolium pratense, T. repens) and perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne). Four replicate plots of the forages were established (12 x 7.5m) in 2009; these were split (10 x 3.75m) in spring 2013 and wheat established either after ploughing, or seeds directly drilled; with wheat harvested autumn 2013. It was hypothesised that direct drill would disturb the food web less than ploughing, whilst the plots which were previously legumes would retain a different soil faunalpopulation, even though the crop was the same across all plots. The effect on soil faunal populations of these previous different forage crops and sowing method were assessed after wheat harvest; the soil fauna sampled included microfauna, mesofauna, and macrofauna. Overall our results have shown that for a number of soil faunal groups across the three scales of sampling, the previous forage still had a significant effect over the current soil food web, even though the ecosystem has now been standardised between the different plots. There was also a significant affect over all soil faunal populations when assessing the difference in cultivation method – plough versus direct drill. Our findings have begun to show the linkage between soil biodiversity and the effect of agriculture on the whole ecosystem and shows the potential for managing a healthy soil food web and maintaining it, within agricultural production.

AB - The soil invertebrate food web drives nutrient cycling and decomposition. However, the food web can be affected by perturbations differently depending on plant type within an ecosystem. An experiment was set up to test the hypothesis that previous forage cropping and cultivation method would alter the soil ecosystem leading to changes in the food web, during crop rotation. Plots were grown containing monocultures of chicory (Cichorium intybus), red or white clover (Trifolium pratense, T. repens) and perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne). Four replicate plots of the forages were established (12 x 7.5m) in 2009; these were split (10 x 3.75m) in spring 2013 and wheat established either after ploughing, or seeds directly drilled; with wheat harvested autumn 2013. It was hypothesised that direct drill would disturb the food web less than ploughing, whilst the plots which were previously legumes would retain a different soil faunalpopulation, even though the crop was the same across all plots. The effect on soil faunal populations of these previous different forage crops and sowing method were assessed after wheat harvest; the soil fauna sampled included microfauna, mesofauna, and macrofauna. Overall our results have shown that for a number of soil faunal groups across the three scales of sampling, the previous forage still had a significant effect over the current soil food web, even though the ecosystem has now been standardised between the different plots. There was also a significant affect over all soil faunal populations when assessing the difference in cultivation method – plough versus direct drill. Our findings have begun to show the linkage between soil biodiversity and the effect of agriculture on the whole ecosystem and shows the potential for managing a healthy soil food web and maintaining it, within agricultural production.

KW - Soil food webs

KW - agro-ecology

KW - ecosystem engineers

KW - mesofauna

UR - http://hdl.handle.net/2160/41217

M3 - Abstract

T2 - First Global Soil Biodiversity Initiative Conference

Y2 - 2 December 2014 through 5 December 2014

ER -

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