Horizon scanning the European bio-based economy: a novel approach to identification of barriers and key policy interventions from stakeholders in multiple sectors and regions.

Authors Organisations
  • Edward Hodgson(Author)
  • María-Eugenia Ruiz-Molina(Author)
    Universitat de Valencia
  • Diego Marazza(Author)
    University of Bologna
  • Eugenia Pogrebnyakova(Author)
    University of Bologna
  • Caitlin Burns(Author)
    National Non-Food Crops Centre (NNFCC) Biocentre
  • Adrian Higson(Author)
    National Non-Food Crops Centre (NNFCC) Biocentre
  • Max Rehberger(Author)
    University of Kassel
  • Michael Heite(Author)
    University of Kassel
  • Miklos Gyalai-Korpus(Author)
    Pannon Pro Innovations Ltd
  • Lorenzo Di Lucia(Author)
    Imperial College London
  • Yolande Noël(Author)
    National Institute of Agricultural Research
  • Jeremy Woods(Author)
    Imperial College London
  • Joe Gallagher(Author)
Type Article
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)508-522
JournalBiofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining
Issue number5
Early online date26 Jul 2016
Publication statusPublished - 31 Aug 2016
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There is international recognition that developing a climate-smart bioeconomy is essential to the continuation of economic development, reduction of greenhouse gas emissions, and adaptation to climatic change; Bio-based products have an important role in making this transition happen. Supporting policy interventions have been put forward at European and national levels to support innovation and development of bio-based products and services. This study asks whether suggested policy interventions reflect the needs of stakeholders and examines how these needs vary between European regions. This consultation was performed through an online survey of 447 experts actively involved in bio-based research, industry, and governance across Europe. The majority of responses received were from stakeholders in France, Germany, Italy, Spain, and the UK which are examined in greater depth. Climate change was clearly an important driver for bio-based innovation as 86% of the respondents considered climate change to be a significant threat. There were clear differences between regions but also areas of consensus between stakeholders across the European regions surveyed. In particular there was consensus regarding the need for improved access to financial support and the need to ensure continuity of policy. The need to build investor confidence through demonstration of bio-based technologies, the provision of greater clarity regarding best conversion routes for specific feedstocks, and the need to promote a culture of industrial symbiosis were also regarded as important interventions. © 2016 The Authors. Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining published by Society of Chemical Industry and John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.


  • bioeconomy, bio-based, max-diff, best-worst, biorefining, innovation system