Hierarchical structuring of genetic variation at differing geographic scales in the cultivated sugar kelp Saccharina latissima

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Hierarchical structuring of genetic variation at differing geographic scales in the cultivated sugar kelp Saccharina latissima. / Mooney, Karen; Beatty, Gemma; Elsäßer, Bjorn; Follis, Emily; Kregting, Louise; O'Connor, Nessa; Riddell, Gillian; Provan, James.

In: Marine Environmental Research, Vol. 142, 01.11.2018, p. 108-115.

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Harvard

Mooney, K, Beatty, G, Elsäßer, B, Follis, E, Kregting, L, O'Connor, N, Riddell, G & Provan, J 2018, 'Hierarchical structuring of genetic variation at differing geographic scales in the cultivated sugar kelp Saccharina latissima', Marine Environmental Research, vol. 142, pp. 108-115. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marenvres.2018.09.029

APA

Mooney, K., Beatty, G., Elsäßer, B., Follis, E., Kregting, L., O'Connor, N., Riddell, G., & Provan, J. (2018). Hierarchical structuring of genetic variation at differing geographic scales in the cultivated sugar kelp Saccharina latissima. Marine Environmental Research, 142, 108-115. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marenvres.2018.09.029

Vancouver

Author

Mooney, Karen ; Beatty, Gemma ; Elsäßer, Bjorn ; Follis, Emily ; Kregting, Louise ; O'Connor, Nessa ; Riddell, Gillian ; Provan, James. / Hierarchical structuring of genetic variation at differing geographic scales in the cultivated sugar kelp Saccharina latissima. In: Marine Environmental Research. 2018 ; Vol. 142. pp. 108-115.

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@article{e82746fb539f4537b09855a3b466cb4c,
title = "Hierarchical structuring of genetic variation at differing geographic scales in the cultivated sugar kelp Saccharina latissima",
abstract = "The cultivation of macroalgae for biofuels, food and fertilisers has increased dramatically in recent years. The demand for such algal-derived products means that large scale cultivation in coastal waters will become necessary to provide sufficient algal biomass. As part of the process of establishing new macroalgal farms, the potential for gene flow between cultivated specimens and natural populations needs to be taken into consideration. Consequently, in the present study we have used a combined population genetic and hydrodynamic modellingapproach to determine potential levels and patterns of gene flow in the kelp Saccharina latissima. Microsatellite analysis of 14 populations sampled across the northern part of the Irish Sea indicated four distinct genetic clusters. These were consistent with dispersal patterns indicated by the particle tracking model and show a combination of isolation by distance and genetic structuring due to local hydrodynamic conditions. At smaller scales (less than a few 10s of km), gene flow appears to be fairly extensive, with evidence of local population connectivity due to local currents. At larger scales, however, factors such asfreshwater efflux and open water would appear to represent barriers to gene flow. Together, these patterns suggest that factors other than simple geographical distance and proximity need to be taken into account when planning the siting of kelp farms with the aim of minimizing gene flow to and from natural populations",
keywords = "algae, cultivation, dispersal, gene flow, hydrodynamic modelling, kelp, population genetics, Saccharina latissima",
author = "Karen Mooney and Gemma Beatty and Bjorn Els{\"a}{\ss}er and Emily Follis and Louise Kregting and Nessa O'Connor and Gillian Riddell and James Provan",
year = "2018",
month = nov,
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.marenvres.2018.09.029",
language = "English",
volume = "142",
pages = "108--115",
journal = "Marine Environmental Research",
issn = "0141-1136",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Hierarchical structuring of genetic variation at differing geographic scales in the cultivated sugar kelp Saccharina latissima

AU - Mooney, Karen

AU - Beatty, Gemma

AU - Elsäßer, Bjorn

AU - Follis, Emily

AU - Kregting, Louise

AU - O'Connor, Nessa

AU - Riddell, Gillian

AU - Provan, James

PY - 2018/11/1

Y1 - 2018/11/1

N2 - The cultivation of macroalgae for biofuels, food and fertilisers has increased dramatically in recent years. The demand for such algal-derived products means that large scale cultivation in coastal waters will become necessary to provide sufficient algal biomass. As part of the process of establishing new macroalgal farms, the potential for gene flow between cultivated specimens and natural populations needs to be taken into consideration. Consequently, in the present study we have used a combined population genetic and hydrodynamic modellingapproach to determine potential levels and patterns of gene flow in the kelp Saccharina latissima. Microsatellite analysis of 14 populations sampled across the northern part of the Irish Sea indicated four distinct genetic clusters. These were consistent with dispersal patterns indicated by the particle tracking model and show a combination of isolation by distance and genetic structuring due to local hydrodynamic conditions. At smaller scales (less than a few 10s of km), gene flow appears to be fairly extensive, with evidence of local population connectivity due to local currents. At larger scales, however, factors such asfreshwater efflux and open water would appear to represent barriers to gene flow. Together, these patterns suggest that factors other than simple geographical distance and proximity need to be taken into account when planning the siting of kelp farms with the aim of minimizing gene flow to and from natural populations

AB - The cultivation of macroalgae for biofuels, food and fertilisers has increased dramatically in recent years. The demand for such algal-derived products means that large scale cultivation in coastal waters will become necessary to provide sufficient algal biomass. As part of the process of establishing new macroalgal farms, the potential for gene flow between cultivated specimens and natural populations needs to be taken into consideration. Consequently, in the present study we have used a combined population genetic and hydrodynamic modellingapproach to determine potential levels and patterns of gene flow in the kelp Saccharina latissima. Microsatellite analysis of 14 populations sampled across the northern part of the Irish Sea indicated four distinct genetic clusters. These were consistent with dispersal patterns indicated by the particle tracking model and show a combination of isolation by distance and genetic structuring due to local hydrodynamic conditions. At smaller scales (less than a few 10s of km), gene flow appears to be fairly extensive, with evidence of local population connectivity due to local currents. At larger scales, however, factors such asfreshwater efflux and open water would appear to represent barriers to gene flow. Together, these patterns suggest that factors other than simple geographical distance and proximity need to be taken into account when planning the siting of kelp farms with the aim of minimizing gene flow to and from natural populations

KW - algae

KW - cultivation

KW - dispersal

KW - gene flow

KW - hydrodynamic modelling

KW - kelp

KW - population genetics

KW - Saccharina latissima

U2 - 10.1016/j.marenvres.2018.09.029

DO - 10.1016/j.marenvres.2018.09.029

M3 - Article

C2 - 30293661

VL - 142

SP - 108

EP - 115

JO - Marine Environmental Research

JF - Marine Environmental Research

SN - 0141-1136

ER -

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