Heroisation and Demonisation in the Third Reich: The Consensus-building Value of a Nazi Pantheon of Heroes

Type Article
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)523-546
Number of pages24
JournalTotalitarian Movements and Political Religions
Issue number3-4
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2007
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This article assesses the construction, characteristics and reception of a Nazi pantheon of heroes. It explores the relationship between villains and heroes in the internal dynamics of Nazi ideology before turning to consider three questions. First, did Nazism generate a fundamental transformation of the German national pantheon of heroes? Second, did the Nazis have a cohesive vision of who should populate that pantheon, and why? Third, was non- and anti-Nazi hero-worship obliterated in the Third Reich?