Global agricultural intensification during climate change: a role for genomics

Authors Organisations
  • Michael Terence Abberton(Author)
    IITA, Ibadan
  • Jacqueline Batley(Author)
    University of Western Australia
  • Alison bentley(Author)
    John Bingham Laboratory (NIAB)
  • John Bryant(Author)
    University of Exeter
  • Hongwei cai(Author)
    China Agricultural University
  • James Cockram(Author)
    John Bingham Laboratory (NIAB)
  • Antonio Costa de Oliveira(Author)
    Universidade Federal de Pelotas
  • Leland Cseke(Author)
    The University of Alabama in Huntsville
  • Hannes Dempewolf(Author)
    Global Crop Diversity Trust, Italy
  • Ciro de Pace(Author)
    Tuscia University
  • David Edwards(Author)
    University of Western Australia
  • Paul Gepts(Author)
    University of California, Davis
  • Andy Greenland(Author)
    John Bingham Laboratory (NIAB)
  • Anthony Hall(Author)
    University of California, Riverside
  • Robert Henry(Author)
    The University of Queensland
  • Kiyosumi Hori(Author)
    National Institute of Agrobiological Sciences
  • Glen Thomas Howe(Author)
    Oregon State University
  • Stephen Hughes(Author)
    University of Exeter
  • Mike Humphreys(Author)
  • David Lightfoot(Author)
    Southern Illinois University
  • Athole Marshall(Author)
  • Sean Mayes(Author)
    Crops for the Future Research Centre
  • Henry Nguyen(Author)
    University of Missouri-Columbia
  • Francis C Ogbonnaya(Author)
    Grains Research and Development Corporation
  • Rodomiro Ortiz(Author)
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
  • Andrew H Paterson(Author)
    University of Georgia
  • Roberto Tuberosa(Author)
    University of Bologna
  • Babu Valliyodan(Author)
    University of Missouri-Columbia
  • Rajeev K Varshney(Author)
    International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics
  • Masahiro Yano(Author)
    Institute of Crop Science, Japan
Type Literature review
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1095-1098
Number of pages4
JournalPlant Biotechnology Journal
Issue number4
Early online date11 Sept 2015
Publication statusPublished - 22 Mar 2016
Permanent link
Show download statistics
View graph of relations
Citation formats


Agriculture is now facing the ‘perfect storm’ of climate change, increasing costs of fertilizer and rising food demands from a larger and wealthier human population. These factors point to a global food deficit unless the efficiency and resilience of crop production is increased. The intensification of agriculture has focused on improving production under optimized conditions, with significant agronomic inputs. Furthermore, the intensive cultivation of a limited number
of crops has drastically narrowed the number of plant species humans rely on. A new agricultural paradigm is required, reducing dependence on high inputs and increasing crop diversity, yield stability and environmental resilience. Genomics offers unprecedented opportunities to increase crop yield, quality and stability of production through advanced breeding strategies, enhancing the resilience of major crops to climate variability, and increasing the productivity and range of minor crops to diversify the food supply. Here we review the state of the art of genomic-assisted breeding for the most important staples that feed the world, and how to use and adapt such genomic tools to accelerate development of
both major and minor crops with desired traits that enhance adaptation to, or mitigate theeffects of climate change.


  • climate change, food security, sustainability