Genomic Approaches for Climate Resilience Breeding in Oats

Authors Organisations
Type Chapter
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationGenomic Designing of Climate-Smart Cereal Crops
EditorsChittaranjan Kole
PublisherSpringer Nature
Chapter4
Pages133-169
ISBN (Electronic)9783319933818
ISBN (Print)9783319933801
DOI
Publication statusPublished - 29 Feb 2020
Links
Handle.net
View graph of relations
Citation formats

Abstract

Oat (Avena sativa L.), ranking sixth in world cereal production, is primarily produced as a multipurpose crop for grain, pasture, and forage or as a rotation crop in many parts of the world. Recent research has elevated its potential dietary value for human nutrition and health care. Oats are well adapted to a wide range of soil types and can perform on acid soils. World oat production is concentrated between latitudes 35–65º N, and 20–46º S. Avena genomes are large and complex, in the range of 4.12–12.6 Gb. Oat productivity is affected by many diseases, although crown rust (Puccinia coronate f. sp. avenae) and stem rust (Puccinia graminis f. sp. avenae) are the key diseases worldwide. The focus of this chapter is to review the major developments and their impacts on oat breeding, especially on the challenges posed by climate or environmental changes (biotic and abiotic stresses mainly) for oat cultivation. Next-generation breeding tools will help to develop approaches to genetically improve and manipulate oat which would aid significantly in oat enhancement efforts. Although, oat biotechnology has been advanced at a similar pace as the rest of cereals, it lags still behind. More genomic tools, from genomic assisted breeding to genome editing tools are needed to improve the resources to improve oats under climate change in the next few decades