Fructan synthesis, accumulation, and polymer traits. I. Festulolium chromosome substitution lines

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Type Article
Original languageEnglish
Article number486
JournalFrontiers in Plant Science
Volume6
DOI
Publication statusPublished - 08 Jul 2015
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Abstract

The fructans found as storage carbohydrates in temperate forage grasses have a
physiological role in regrowth and stress tolerance. They are also important for the nutritional value of fresh and preserved livestock feeds, and are potentially useful as feedstocks for biorefining. Seasonal variation in fructan content and the capacity for de novo fructan synthesis have been examined in a Festulolium monosomic substitution line family to investigate variation in the polymers produced by grasses in the ryegrass-fescue complex. There were significant differences between ryegrass and fescue. Fescue had low polymeric fructan content and a high oligomer/polymer ratio; synthesis of polymers longer than degree of polymerization 6 (DP6) from oligomers was slow. However, extension of polymer length from DP10/DP20 upward appeared to occur relatively freely, and, unlike ryegrass, fescue had a relatively even spread of polymer chain lengths above DP20. This included the presence of some very large polymers. Additionally fescue retained high concentrations of fructan, both
polymeric and oligomeric, during conditions of low source/high sink demand. There were indications that major genes involved in the control of some of these traits might be located on fescue chromosome 3 opening the possibility to develop grasses optimized for specific applications

Keywords

  • fescue (Festuca), genetic control, genetic variation, polymer chain length, ryegrass (Lolium), water-soluble carbohydrate