Evidence of the Ion Cyclotron Resonance at Proton Kinetic Scales in the Solar Wind

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Evidence of the Ion Cyclotron Resonance at Proton Kinetic Scales in the Solar Wind. / Roberts, Owen; Li, Xing.

In: Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 802, No. 1, 20.03.2015, p. 1-11.

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Roberts, Owen ; Li, Xing. / Evidence of the Ion Cyclotron Resonance at Proton Kinetic Scales in the Solar Wind. In: Astrophysical Journal. 2015 ; Vol. 802, No. 1. pp. 1-11.

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@article{2052fd8ba9254d1b9eed3b68db7396aa,
title = "Evidence of the Ion Cyclotron Resonance at Proton Kinetic Scales in the Solar Wind",
abstract = "The k-filtering and wave polarization techniques are applied to Cluster magnetic field data at four intervals of fast free (not connected to Earth{\textquoteright}s foreshock) solar wind. In addition to the commonly observed population of magnetic field fluctuations propagating at quasi-perpendicular angles to the global mean field B0, a population of fluctuations propagating at quasi-parallel angles are also observed when no local plasma instability can be identified. At lowwavenumbers (kvA/Ωp 0.6) both components are present, and have powers of similar strength, while at higher wavenumbers (kvAΩp > 0.6) only the perpendicular component can be identified. Here vA and Ωp are the Alfven´speed and the proton (angular) gyration frequency, k denotes the wavenumber. The dispersion curve obtained (and the ratio of the magnitudes of left and right hand polarized fluctuations) shows a sharp transition (and decrease)at (kvA/Ωp) ∼ 0.6, which corresponds to a spacecraft frequency fsc = 0.32 Hz. At higher wavenumbers the measurements agree with previous studies indicating the presence of kinetic Alfven wave (KAW) turbulence or a ´mixture of KAW turbulence and convected structures. The parallel component displays a scaling of k−δ where the spectral index δ ranges between about 5/3 and 2 although the number of data points does not warrant an accuratedetermination. The origins of the observed parallel component are unclear. The presence of a parallel component is consistent with ion cyclotron waves, and we interpret the sharp drop of this component at higher wavenumbers as evidence that the ion cyclotron resonance is occurring in the solar wind intervals studied.",
keywords = "solar winds, turbulence, waves",
author = "Owen Roberts and Xing Li",
year = "2015",
month = mar,
day = "20",
doi = "10.1088/0004-637X/802/1/1",
language = "English",
volume = "802",
pages = "1--11",
journal = "Astrophysical Journal",
issn = "0004-637X",
publisher = "IOP Publishing",
number = "1",

}

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Evidence of the Ion Cyclotron Resonance at Proton Kinetic Scales in the Solar Wind

AU - Roberts, Owen

AU - Li, Xing

PY - 2015/3/20

Y1 - 2015/3/20

N2 - The k-filtering and wave polarization techniques are applied to Cluster magnetic field data at four intervals of fast free (not connected to Earth’s foreshock) solar wind. In addition to the commonly observed population of magnetic field fluctuations propagating at quasi-perpendicular angles to the global mean field B0, a population of fluctuations propagating at quasi-parallel angles are also observed when no local plasma instability can be identified. At lowwavenumbers (kvA/Ωp 0.6) both components are present, and have powers of similar strength, while at higher wavenumbers (kvAΩp > 0.6) only the perpendicular component can be identified. Here vA and Ωp are the Alfven´speed and the proton (angular) gyration frequency, k denotes the wavenumber. The dispersion curve obtained (and the ratio of the magnitudes of left and right hand polarized fluctuations) shows a sharp transition (and decrease)at (kvA/Ωp) ∼ 0.6, which corresponds to a spacecraft frequency fsc = 0.32 Hz. At higher wavenumbers the measurements agree with previous studies indicating the presence of kinetic Alfven wave (KAW) turbulence or a ´mixture of KAW turbulence and convected structures. The parallel component displays a scaling of k−δ where the spectral index δ ranges between about 5/3 and 2 although the number of data points does not warrant an accuratedetermination. The origins of the observed parallel component are unclear. The presence of a parallel component is consistent with ion cyclotron waves, and we interpret the sharp drop of this component at higher wavenumbers as evidence that the ion cyclotron resonance is occurring in the solar wind intervals studied.

AB - The k-filtering and wave polarization techniques are applied to Cluster magnetic field data at four intervals of fast free (not connected to Earth’s foreshock) solar wind. In addition to the commonly observed population of magnetic field fluctuations propagating at quasi-perpendicular angles to the global mean field B0, a population of fluctuations propagating at quasi-parallel angles are also observed when no local plasma instability can be identified. At lowwavenumbers (kvA/Ωp 0.6) both components are present, and have powers of similar strength, while at higher wavenumbers (kvAΩp > 0.6) only the perpendicular component can be identified. Here vA and Ωp are the Alfven´speed and the proton (angular) gyration frequency, k denotes the wavenumber. The dispersion curve obtained (and the ratio of the magnitudes of left and right hand polarized fluctuations) shows a sharp transition (and decrease)at (kvA/Ωp) ∼ 0.6, which corresponds to a spacecraft frequency fsc = 0.32 Hz. At higher wavenumbers the measurements agree with previous studies indicating the presence of kinetic Alfven wave (KAW) turbulence or a ´mixture of KAW turbulence and convected structures. The parallel component displays a scaling of k−δ where the spectral index δ ranges between about 5/3 and 2 although the number of data points does not warrant an accuratedetermination. The origins of the observed parallel component are unclear. The presence of a parallel component is consistent with ion cyclotron waves, and we interpret the sharp drop of this component at higher wavenumbers as evidence that the ion cyclotron resonance is occurring in the solar wind intervals studied.

KW - solar winds

KW - turbulence

KW - waves

UR - http://hdl.handle.net/2160/30038

U2 - 10.1088/0004-637X/802/1/1

DO - 10.1088/0004-637X/802/1/1

M3 - Article

VL - 802

SP - 1

EP - 11

JO - Astrophysical Journal

JF - Astrophysical Journal

SN - 0004-637X

IS - 1

ER -

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