Evidence for different thermal ecotypes in range centre and trailing edge kelp populations

Authors Organisations
Type Article
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10-17
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology
Volume514-515
Issue numberMay-June 2019
Early online date21 Mar 2019
DOI
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 21 Mar 2019
View graph of relations
Citation formats

Abstract

Determining and predicting species' responses to climate change is a fundamental goal of contemporary ecology. When interpreting responses to warming species are often treated as a single physiological unit with a single species-wide thermal niche. This assumes that trailing edge populations are most vulnerable to warming, as it is here where a species' thermal niche will be exceeded first. Local adaptation can, however, result in narrower thermal tolerance limits for local populations, so that similar relative increases in temperature can exceed local niches throughout a species range. We used a combination of common garden temperature heat-shock experiments (8–32 °C) and population genetics (microsatellites) to identify thermal ecotypes of northeast Atlantic range centre and trailing edge populations of the habitat-forming kelp, Laminaria digitata. Using upregulation of hsp70 as an indicator of thermal stress, we found that trailing edge populations were better equipped to tolerate acute temperature shocks. This pattern was consistent across seasons, indicating that between-population variability is fixed. High genetic structuring was also observed, with range centre and trailing edge populations representing highly distinct clusters with little gene flow between regions. Taken together, this suggests the presence of distinct thermal ecotypes for L. digitata, which may mean responses to future warming are more complex than linear range contractions

Keywords

  • Laminara digitata, range-centre, trailing-edge, climate change, heat shock

Documents

  • Evidence for different thermal ecotypes in range centre and trailing edge kelp populations

    Accepted author manuscript, 1 MB, PDF

    Embargo ends: 21 Mar 2020

    Request copy

    Licence: CC BY-NC-ND Show licence