Effect of seed crop management on potential seed yield of contrasting white clover varieties. II. Seed yield components and potential seed yield

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Type Article
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)189-193
JournalGrass and Forage Science
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 01 Jun 1989
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An experiment is described in which the effects of different spring managements on the potential seed yield and seed yield components of three white clover cultivars of contrasting leaf types were assessed. Cv. S184, the small-leaved variety, produced more but smaller inflorescences than CVS Olwen, a large-leaved variety, or Menna, a medium-leaved variety. However, cv. Olwen, produced inflorescences with more florets, seeds per inflorescence and a higher seed yield per ten inflorescences than the other cultivars. Both potential seed yield and the individual yield components were influenced by management. Cv. Olwen produced more inflorescences and a higher potential seed yield under a cutting system than under grazing systems, which reduced the number and size of the inflorescences. Cvs S184 and Menna were less influenced by management system and performed similarly under cutting and grazing. The highly significant relationship between the number of ripe inflorescences and potential seed yield showed clearly that high seed yields are only achieved if the crop is harvested when the number of ripe inflorescences is at a maximum. The relatively short duration of the period of maximum ripe inflorescences emphasized the importance of determining the correct harvesting date, although weather conditions also play an important part in deciding when to harvest. Florets per inflorescence, seed set and 1000 seed weight remained relatively constant over the harvest period, and were not influenced by harvest date. The results are discussed in relation to the management of white clover seed crops and the importance of climatic conditions during seed production