Differential Colonization of Plant Parts by the Rumen Microbiota is likely to be due to Different Forage Chemistries

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Differential Colonization of Plant Parts by the Rumen Microbiota is likely to be due to Different Forage Chemistries. / Huws, Sharon A.; Mayorga, Olga L.; Theodorou, Michael Kyriacos; Kim, Eun J; Cookson, Alan; Newbold, Jamie; Kingston-Smith, Alison Helen.

In: Journal of Microbial and Biochemical Technology, Vol. 6, No. 2, 07.02.2014, p. 80-86.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Harvard

Huws, SA, Mayorga, OL, Theodorou, MK, Kim, EJ, Cookson, A, Newbold, J & Kingston-Smith, AH 2014, 'Differential Colonization of Plant Parts by the Rumen Microbiota is likely to be due to Different Forage Chemistries', Journal of Microbial and Biochemical Technology, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 80-86. https://doi.org/10.4172/1948-5948.1000126

APA

Huws, S. A., Mayorga, O. L., Theodorou, M. K., Kim, E. J., Cookson, A., Newbold, J., & Kingston-Smith, A. H. (2014). Differential Colonization of Plant Parts by the Rumen Microbiota is likely to be due to Different Forage Chemistries. Journal of Microbial and Biochemical Technology, 6(2), 80-86. https://doi.org/10.4172/1948-5948.1000126

Vancouver

Huws SA, Mayorga OL, Theodorou MK, Kim EJ, Cookson A, Newbold J et al. Differential Colonization of Plant Parts by the Rumen Microbiota is likely to be due to Different Forage Chemistries. Journal of Microbial and Biochemical Technology. 2014 Feb 7;6(2):80-86. https://doi.org/10.4172/1948-5948.1000126

Author

Huws, Sharon A. ; Mayorga, Olga L. ; Theodorou, Michael Kyriacos ; Kim, Eun J ; Cookson, Alan ; Newbold, Jamie ; Kingston-Smith, Alison Helen. / Differential Colonization of Plant Parts by the Rumen Microbiota is likely to be due to Different Forage Chemistries. In: Journal of Microbial and Biochemical Technology. 2014 ; Vol. 6, No. 2. pp. 80-86.

Bibtex - Download

@article{278ee783c08d40ff97f0b1ef1a678a40,
title = "Differential Colonization of Plant Parts by the Rumen Microbiota is likely to be due to Different Forage Chemistries",
abstract = "In this experiment we investigated the hypothesis that heterogeneity of plant structures presents disparity in niches available for colonisation by the rumen microbiota resulting in differential colonisation. Fresh perennial ryegrass (PRG) stem and leaves were incubated in the presence of rumen bacteria under rumen-like conditions with incubations harvested at many time intervals up to 24 h. In vitro dry matter degradability (IVDMD) of stem material was lower than that of leaves at all harvesting times. Denaturing Gradient Gel Electrophoresis (DGGE) derived dendrograms, canonical analysis of principal coordinates (CAP) and PERMANOVA demonstrated that diversity of bacteria attached to PRG stem and leaf material was different at all harvesting times although QPCR data showed similar quantities of bacterial 16S rDNA on stem and leaf material at all harvesting times. Conversely, bacterial diversity on abaxial and adaxial leaf surfaces was similar, but 16S rDNA quantity differed with more 16S rDNA on the adaxial surface at all harvesting times. Image analysis of low temperature scanning electron microscopy (LTSEM) pictures confirmed that biofilm coverage on the adaxial surface was greater than the abaxial surface. We demonstrate that differing plant parts can affect attached bacterial diversity and/or 16S rDNA quantity present. This result is consistent with concepts of niche specialisation by the rumen microbiota. This observation is particularly relevant to understanding rumen plant-microbe interactions which is necessary for development of novel strategies for improving ruminant nutrient use efficiency.",
author = "Huws, {Sharon A.} and Mayorga, {Olga L.} and Theodorou, {Michael Kyriacos} and Kim, {Eun J} and Alan Cookson and Jamie Newbold and Kingston-Smith, {Alison Helen}",
note = "Huws, S. A., Mayorga, O. L., Theodorou, M. K., Kim, J. S., Cookson, A., Newbold, J., Kingston-Smith, A. H. (2014). Differential Colonization of Plant Parts by the Rumen Microbiota is likely to be due to Different Forage Chemistries. Journal of Microbial and Biochemical Technology, 6 (2), 80-86",
year = "2014",
month = feb,
day = "7",
doi = "10.4172/1948-5948.1000126",
language = "English",
volume = "6",
pages = "80--86",
journal = "Journal of Microbial and Biochemical Technology",
issn = "1948-5948",
publisher = "OMICS Publishing Group",
number = "2",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) - Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Differential Colonization of Plant Parts by the Rumen Microbiota is likely to be due to Different Forage Chemistries

AU - Huws, Sharon A.

AU - Mayorga, Olga L.

AU - Theodorou, Michael Kyriacos

AU - Kim, Eun J

AU - Cookson, Alan

AU - Newbold, Jamie

AU - Kingston-Smith, Alison Helen

N1 - Huws, S. A., Mayorga, O. L., Theodorou, M. K., Kim, J. S., Cookson, A., Newbold, J., Kingston-Smith, A. H. (2014). Differential Colonization of Plant Parts by the Rumen Microbiota is likely to be due to Different Forage Chemistries. Journal of Microbial and Biochemical Technology, 6 (2), 80-86

PY - 2014/2/7

Y1 - 2014/2/7

N2 - In this experiment we investigated the hypothesis that heterogeneity of plant structures presents disparity in niches available for colonisation by the rumen microbiota resulting in differential colonisation. Fresh perennial ryegrass (PRG) stem and leaves were incubated in the presence of rumen bacteria under rumen-like conditions with incubations harvested at many time intervals up to 24 h. In vitro dry matter degradability (IVDMD) of stem material was lower than that of leaves at all harvesting times. Denaturing Gradient Gel Electrophoresis (DGGE) derived dendrograms, canonical analysis of principal coordinates (CAP) and PERMANOVA demonstrated that diversity of bacteria attached to PRG stem and leaf material was different at all harvesting times although QPCR data showed similar quantities of bacterial 16S rDNA on stem and leaf material at all harvesting times. Conversely, bacterial diversity on abaxial and adaxial leaf surfaces was similar, but 16S rDNA quantity differed with more 16S rDNA on the adaxial surface at all harvesting times. Image analysis of low temperature scanning electron microscopy (LTSEM) pictures confirmed that biofilm coverage on the adaxial surface was greater than the abaxial surface. We demonstrate that differing plant parts can affect attached bacterial diversity and/or 16S rDNA quantity present. This result is consistent with concepts of niche specialisation by the rumen microbiota. This observation is particularly relevant to understanding rumen plant-microbe interactions which is necessary for development of novel strategies for improving ruminant nutrient use efficiency.

AB - In this experiment we investigated the hypothesis that heterogeneity of plant structures presents disparity in niches available for colonisation by the rumen microbiota resulting in differential colonisation. Fresh perennial ryegrass (PRG) stem and leaves were incubated in the presence of rumen bacteria under rumen-like conditions with incubations harvested at many time intervals up to 24 h. In vitro dry matter degradability (IVDMD) of stem material was lower than that of leaves at all harvesting times. Denaturing Gradient Gel Electrophoresis (DGGE) derived dendrograms, canonical analysis of principal coordinates (CAP) and PERMANOVA demonstrated that diversity of bacteria attached to PRG stem and leaf material was different at all harvesting times although QPCR data showed similar quantities of bacterial 16S rDNA on stem and leaf material at all harvesting times. Conversely, bacterial diversity on abaxial and adaxial leaf surfaces was similar, but 16S rDNA quantity differed with more 16S rDNA on the adaxial surface at all harvesting times. Image analysis of low temperature scanning electron microscopy (LTSEM) pictures confirmed that biofilm coverage on the adaxial surface was greater than the abaxial surface. We demonstrate that differing plant parts can affect attached bacterial diversity and/or 16S rDNA quantity present. This result is consistent with concepts of niche specialisation by the rumen microbiota. This observation is particularly relevant to understanding rumen plant-microbe interactions which is necessary for development of novel strategies for improving ruminant nutrient use efficiency.

UR - http://hdl.handle.net/2160/26575

U2 - 10.4172/1948-5948.1000126

DO - 10.4172/1948-5948.1000126

M3 - Article

VL - 6

SP - 80

EP - 86

JO - Journal of Microbial and Biochemical Technology

JF - Journal of Microbial and Biochemical Technology

SN - 1948-5948

IS - 2

ER -

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