Dietary interventions for type 2 diabetes: How millet comes to help

Type Article
Original languageEnglish
Article number01454
Number of pages14
JournalFrontiers in Plant Science
Volume7
DOI
Publication statusPublished - 27 Sep 2016
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Abstract

Diabetes has become a highly problematic and increasingly prevalent disease world-wide. It has contributed toward 1.5 million deaths in 2012. Management techniques for diabetes prevention in high-risk as well as affected individuals, beside medication, are mainly through changes in lifestyle and dietary regulation. Particularly, diet can have a great influence on life quality for those that suffer from as well as those at risk of diabetes. As such, considerations on nutritional aspects are required to be made to include in dietary intervention. This review aims to give an overview on the general consensus of current dietary and nutritional recommendation for diabetics. In light of such recommendation, the use of plant breeding, conventional as well as more recently developed molecular marker based breeding and biofortification are discussed in designing crops bred with desired characteristics. While there are various recommendations available, dietary choices are restricted by availability due to geo-, political- or economical- considerations. This particularly hold true for a developing countries such as India where 65 million people (up from 50 million in 2010) are currently diabetic and their numbers are rising at an alarming rate. Millets are one of the most abundant crops grown in India as well as Africa, and provides a staple food source for many poor communities. The potentials of millets as a dietary component to combat the increasing prevalence of global diabetes are highlighted in this review.

Keywords

  • millet, diabetes, hyperglycaemia , crop, nutritional characteristcs, diet, plant breeding