Computer-aided diagnosisDetection and localization of prostate cancer within the peripheral zone

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Type Article
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere02745
JournalInternational Journal for Numerical Methods in Biomedical Engineering
Volume32
Issue number5
Early online date22 Sep 2015
DOI
Publication statusPublished - 27 Apr 2016
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Abstract

We propose a methodology for prostate cancer detection and localization within the peripheral zone based on combining multiple segmentation techniques. We extract four image features using Gaussian and median filters. Subsequently, we use each image feature separately to generate binary segmentations. Finally, we take the intersection of all four binary segmentations, incorporating a model of the peripheral zone, and perform erosion to remove small false-positive regions. The initial evaluation of this method is based on 275 MRI images from 37 patients, and 86% of the slices were classified correctly with 87% and 86% sensitivity and specificity achieved, respectively. This paper makes two contributions: firstly, a novel computer-aided diagnosis approach, which is based on combining multiple segmentation techniques using only a small number of simple image features, and secondly, the development of the proposed method and its application in prostate cancer detection and localization using a single MRI modality with the results comparable with the state-of-the-art multimodality and advanced computer vision methods in the literature. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd

Keywords

  • prostate cancer detection, MRI, prostate cancer localization