Community versus Commodity in Francophone CanadaA Multilevel Approach to the Neoliberalization of Immigration

Type Article
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages22
JournalCanadian Journal of Political Science
Early online date15 Jan 2020
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 15 Jan 2020
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Since the 1990s, Canada’s Francophone Minority Communities (FMCs) have become increasingly involved in francophone immigration governance, which has coincided with the wider neoliberalization of immigration in Canada. The article analyses the implications of the growing influence of a neoliberal immigration policy and the narrative of an ‘ideal’ immigrant on Canada’s FMCs by focussing on New Brunswick, Canada’s only constitutionally bilingual province, and its francophone Acadian community. Based on three sources: semi-structured interviews, debates in the Legislative Assembly of New Brunswick, and official and archival documents, the article argues that francophone and Acadian organizations have adopted the federal perspective to immigration, placing greater emphasis on economic integration and creating a bilingual workforce. Changes in the type of immigrant selected and role of the community in the lives of francophone immigrants creates new challenges for minority language communities that define and identify themselves through language use and belonging.