Characterization of the rumen lipidome and microbiome of steers fed a diet supplemented with flax and echium oil

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Characterization of the rumen lipidome and microbiome of steers fed a diet supplemented with flax and echium oil. / Huws, Sharon; Kim, Eun Joong; Cameron, Simon John; Girdwood, Susan Elizabeth; Davies, Lynfa J.; Tweed, John; Vallin, Hannah Elizabeth; Scollan, Nigel.

In: Microbial Biotechnology, Vol. 8, No. 2, 25.02.2015, p. 331-341.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Harvard

Huws, S, Kim, EJ, Cameron, SJ, Girdwood, SE, Davies, LJ, Tweed, J, Vallin, HE & Scollan, N 2015, 'Characterization of the rumen lipidome and microbiome of steers fed a diet supplemented with flax and echium oil', Microbial Biotechnology, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 331-341. https://doi.org/10.1111/1751-7915.12164

APA

Huws, S., Kim, E. J., Cameron, S. J., Girdwood, S. E., Davies, L. J., Tweed, J., Vallin, H. E., & Scollan, N. (2015). Characterization of the rumen lipidome and microbiome of steers fed a diet supplemented with flax and echium oil. Microbial Biotechnology, 8(2), 331-341. https://doi.org/10.1111/1751-7915.12164

Vancouver

Author

Huws, Sharon ; Kim, Eun Joong ; Cameron, Simon John ; Girdwood, Susan Elizabeth ; Davies, Lynfa J. ; Tweed, John ; Vallin, Hannah Elizabeth ; Scollan, Nigel. / Characterization of the rumen lipidome and microbiome of steers fed a diet supplemented with flax and echium oil. In: Microbial Biotechnology. 2015 ; Vol. 8, No. 2. pp. 331-341.

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@article{5ea3df6524ff4435b23250df196e8313,
title = "Characterization of the rumen lipidome and microbiome of steers fed a diet supplemented with flax and echium oil",
abstract = "Developing novel strategies for improving the fatty acid composition of ruminant products relies upon increasing our understanding of rumen bacterial lipid metabolism. This study investigated whether flax or echium oil supplementation of steer diets could alter the rumen fatty acids and change the microbiome. Six Hereford × Friesian steers were offered grass silage/sugar beet pulp only (GS), or GS supplemented either with flax oil (GSF) or echium oil (GSE) at 3% kg−1 silage dry matter in a 3 × 3 replicated Latin square design with 21-day periods with rumen samples taken on day 21 for the analyses of the fatty acids and microbiome. Flax oil supplementation of steer diets increased the intake of polyunsaturated fatty acids, but a substantial degree of rumen biohydrogenation was seen. Likewise, echium oil supplementation of steer diets resulted in increased intake of 18:4n-3, but this was substantially biohydrogenated within the rumen. Microbiome pyrosequences showed that 50% of the bacterial genera were core to all diets (found at least once under each dietary intervention), with 19.10%, 5.460% and 12.02% being unique to the rumen microbiota of steers fed GS, GSF and GSE respectively. Higher 16S rDNA sequence abundance of the genera Butyrivibrio, Howardella, Oribacterium, Pseudobutyrivibrio and Roseburia was seen post flax feeding. Higher 16S rDNA abundance of the genus Succinovibrio and Roseburia was seen post echium feeding. The role of these bacteria in biohydrogenation now requires further study.",
author = "Sharon Huws and Kim, {Eun Joong} and Cameron, {Simon John} and Girdwood, {Susan Elizabeth} and Davies, {Lynfa J.} and John Tweed and Vallin, {Hannah Elizabeth} and Nigel Scollan",
note = "Sponsorship: Welsh Government; Hybu Cig Cymru; BBSRC; European Union RONO: FOOD-CT-2006-36241 ",
year = "2015",
month = feb,
day = "25",
doi = "10.1111/1751-7915.12164",
language = "English",
volume = "8",
pages = "331--341",
journal = "Microbial Biotechnology",
issn = "1751-7915",
publisher = "Wiley",
number = "2",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) - Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Characterization of the rumen lipidome and microbiome of steers fed a diet supplemented with flax and echium oil

AU - Huws, Sharon

AU - Kim, Eun Joong

AU - Cameron, Simon John

AU - Girdwood, Susan Elizabeth

AU - Davies, Lynfa J.

AU - Tweed, John

AU - Vallin, Hannah Elizabeth

AU - Scollan, Nigel

N1 - Sponsorship: Welsh Government; Hybu Cig Cymru; BBSRC; European Union RONO: FOOD-CT-2006-36241

PY - 2015/2/25

Y1 - 2015/2/25

N2 - Developing novel strategies for improving the fatty acid composition of ruminant products relies upon increasing our understanding of rumen bacterial lipid metabolism. This study investigated whether flax or echium oil supplementation of steer diets could alter the rumen fatty acids and change the microbiome. Six Hereford × Friesian steers were offered grass silage/sugar beet pulp only (GS), or GS supplemented either with flax oil (GSF) or echium oil (GSE) at 3% kg−1 silage dry matter in a 3 × 3 replicated Latin square design with 21-day periods with rumen samples taken on day 21 for the analyses of the fatty acids and microbiome. Flax oil supplementation of steer diets increased the intake of polyunsaturated fatty acids, but a substantial degree of rumen biohydrogenation was seen. Likewise, echium oil supplementation of steer diets resulted in increased intake of 18:4n-3, but this was substantially biohydrogenated within the rumen. Microbiome pyrosequences showed that 50% of the bacterial genera were core to all diets (found at least once under each dietary intervention), with 19.10%, 5.460% and 12.02% being unique to the rumen microbiota of steers fed GS, GSF and GSE respectively. Higher 16S rDNA sequence abundance of the genera Butyrivibrio, Howardella, Oribacterium, Pseudobutyrivibrio and Roseburia was seen post flax feeding. Higher 16S rDNA abundance of the genus Succinovibrio and Roseburia was seen post echium feeding. The role of these bacteria in biohydrogenation now requires further study.

AB - Developing novel strategies for improving the fatty acid composition of ruminant products relies upon increasing our understanding of rumen bacterial lipid metabolism. This study investigated whether flax or echium oil supplementation of steer diets could alter the rumen fatty acids and change the microbiome. Six Hereford × Friesian steers were offered grass silage/sugar beet pulp only (GS), or GS supplemented either with flax oil (GSF) or echium oil (GSE) at 3% kg−1 silage dry matter in a 3 × 3 replicated Latin square design with 21-day periods with rumen samples taken on day 21 for the analyses of the fatty acids and microbiome. Flax oil supplementation of steer diets increased the intake of polyunsaturated fatty acids, but a substantial degree of rumen biohydrogenation was seen. Likewise, echium oil supplementation of steer diets resulted in increased intake of 18:4n-3, but this was substantially biohydrogenated within the rumen. Microbiome pyrosequences showed that 50% of the bacterial genera were core to all diets (found at least once under each dietary intervention), with 19.10%, 5.460% and 12.02% being unique to the rumen microbiota of steers fed GS, GSF and GSE respectively. Higher 16S rDNA sequence abundance of the genera Butyrivibrio, Howardella, Oribacterium, Pseudobutyrivibrio and Roseburia was seen post flax feeding. Higher 16S rDNA abundance of the genus Succinovibrio and Roseburia was seen post echium feeding. The role of these bacteria in biohydrogenation now requires further study.

UR - http://hdl.handle.net/2160/26395

U2 - 10.1111/1751-7915.12164

DO - 10.1111/1751-7915.12164

M3 - Article

C2 - 25223749

VL - 8

SP - 331

EP - 341

JO - Microbial Biotechnology

JF - Microbial Biotechnology

SN - 1751-7915

IS - 2

ER -

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