Analysis of Plant Cell Walls by Attenuated Total Reflectance Fourier transform Infrared SpectroscopyFTIR of Plant Cell Walls

Type Chapter
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Plant Cell Wall
Subtitle of host publicationMethods and Protocols
EditorsZoë Popper
PublisherSpringer Nature
Number of pages17
ISBN (Electronic)9781071606216
ISBN (Print)9781071606193
Publication statusPublished - 03 Jul 2020

Publication series

NameMethods in Molecular Biology
PublisherHumana Press
ISSN (Print)1064-3745
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Attenuated total reflectance Fourier transform mid-infrared (ATR-FTIR) spectroscopy is widely applicable for the chemical analysis of biological materials, relatively inexpensive, requires only simple sample preparation, and is of comparatively high-throughput compared to traditional wet chemical or chromatographic methods. It is particularly well suited for the non-destructive analysis of dried and finely ground plant samples for the subsequent prediction of cell wall and other compositional or processing parameters using chemometric regression models. Furthermore, analysis of mid IR spectra by non-regression methods e.g. principal components analysis provides a straight forward approach for multivariate comparison of the effects of experimental, processing, and environmental treatments, and genotypic and temporal differences on chemical composition including changes in cell wall composition. There is thus great potential for using ATR-FTIR in the lignocellulosic biomass industry at a number of levels. Here we describe methods for cell wall sample preparation, generation of ATR-FTIR spectra, and suggest techniques for the statistical analysis and/or chemometric pattern recognition between the analysed samples.


  • Cell Wall, Lignocellulose, Biomass, FTIR, PCA, PLS, Multivariate, Biofuel, Recalcitrance