Ambition meets realityAchieving GHG emission reduction targets in the livestock sector of Latin America

Authors Organisations
  • Jacobo Arango(Author)
    Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical (CIAT)
  • Alejandro Ruden(Author)
    Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical (CIAT)
  • Deissy Martinez-Baron(Author)
    Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical (CIAT)
  • Ana Maria Loboguerrero(Author)
    Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical (CIAT)
  • Alexandre Berndt(Author)
    Embrapa Pecuária Sudeste
  • Mauricio Chacón(Author)
    Ministerio de Agricultura y Ganadería de Costa Rica
  • Carlos Torres(Author)
    Clima Soluciones S.A.S.
  • Walter Oyhantcabal(Author)
    Ministerio de Ganadería, Agricultura y Pesca
  • Carlos A. Gomez B.(Author)
    National Agrarian University - La Molina, UNALM
  • Patricia Ricci(Author)
    Instituto Nacional de Tecnologia Agropecuaria
  • Juan Ku-Vera(Author)
    Universidad de Yucatán
  • Jon Moorby(Author)
  • Ngonidzashe Chirinda(Author)
    Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical (CIAT)
Type Article
Original languageEnglish
Article number65
Number of pages9
JournalFrontiers in Sustainable Food Systems
Volume4
DOI
Publication statusPublished - 14 May 2020
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Abstract

Livestock production is a pivotal source of income and agricultural greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in Colombia, Brazil, Argentina, Costa Rica, Uruguay, Mexico and Peru. Several management and technological options, with enteric methane mitigation potential, have been evaluated and their scaling is anticipated to contribute towards achieving GHG emission reduction targets. Yet, widespread adoption of promising mitigation options remains limited, raising questions as to whether envisaged emission reduction targets are achievable. Using locally generated data, we explore the mitigation potentials of technologies and management practices currently proposed to mitigate enteric methane emissions, for cattle production systems in the higher emitting countries of Latin America. We then discuss barriers for adopting innovations that significantly reduce cattle-based enteric methane emissions and the major shifts in policy and practice that are needed to raise national ambitions in the high emitting countries. Using the latest science and current thinking, we provide our perspective on an inclusive approach and re-imagine how the academic, research, business and public policy sectors can support and incentivize the changes needed to raise the level of ambition and achieve sustainable development goals considering actions all the way from the farm to the national scale.

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