"We achieve the impossible": Discourses of freedom and escape at music festivals and free parties

Awduron Sefydliadau
  • Christine Griffin(Awdur)
    University of Bath
  • Andrew Bengrey-Howell(Awdur)
    Bath Spa University
  • Sarah Riley(Awdur)
  • Yvette Morey(Awdur)
    University of the West of England
  • Isabelle Szmigin(Awdur)
    University of Birmingham
Math Erthygl
Iaith wreiddiolSaesneg
Tudalennau (o-i)477-496
Nifer y tudalennau20
CyfnodolynJournal of Consumer Culture
Rhif y cyfnodolyn4
Dyddiad ar-lein cynnar25 Rhag 2016
Dangosyddion eitem ddigidol (DOIs)
StatwsCyhoeddwyd - 01 Tach 2018
Arddangos ystadegau lawrlwytho
Gweld graff cysylltiadau
Fformatau enwi


In this article, we explore the notion of freedom as a form of governance within contemporary consumer culture in a sphere where ‘freedom’ appears as a key component: outdoor music-based leisure events, notably music festivals and free parties. ‘Freedom’ is commodified as central to the marketing of many music festivals, which now form a highly commercialised sector of the UK leisure industry, subject to various regulatory restrictions. Free parties, in contrast, are unlicensed, mostly illegal and far less commercialised leisure spaces. We present data from two related studies to investigate how participants at three major British outdoor music festivals and a small rural free party scene draw on discourses of freedom, escape and regulation. We argue that major music festivals operate as temporary bounded spheres of ‘licensed transgression’, in which an apparent lack of regulation operates as a form of governance. In contrast, free parties appear to ‘achieve the impossible’ by creating alternative (and illegal) spaces in which both freedom and regulation are constituted in different ways compared to music festival settings.