Quantification and control of microbial pollution from agriculture: a new policy challenge?

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Quantification and control of microbial pollution from agriculture: a new policy challenge? / Crowther, John; Wilkinson, J.; Stapleton, Carl M.; Hopkins, M.; Kay, C.; Wyer, Mark D.; Kay, David; McDonald, Adrian T.; Watkins, John; Francis, Carol; Fewtrell, Lorna.

Yn: Environmental Science and Policy, Cyfrol 11, Rhif 2, 01.04.2008, t. 171-184.

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Harvard

Crowther, J, Wilkinson, J, Stapleton, CM, Hopkins, M, Kay, C, Wyer, MD, Kay, D, McDonald, AT, Watkins, J, Francis, C & Fewtrell, L 2008, 'Quantification and control of microbial pollution from agriculture: a new policy challenge?', Environmental Science and Policy, cyfrol. 11, rhif 2, tt. 171-184. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envsci.2007.10.009

APA

Crowther, J., Wilkinson, J., Stapleton, C. M., Hopkins, M., Kay, C., Wyer, M. D., Kay, D., McDonald, A. T., Watkins, J., Francis, C., & Fewtrell, L. (2008). Quantification and control of microbial pollution from agriculture: a new policy challenge? Environmental Science and Policy, 11(2), 171-184. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envsci.2007.10.009

Vancouver

Crowther J, Wilkinson J, Stapleton CM, Hopkins M, Kay C, Wyer MD et al. Quantification and control of microbial pollution from agriculture: a new policy challenge? Environmental Science and Policy. 2008 Apr 1;11(2):171-184. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envsci.2007.10.009

Author

Crowther, John ; Wilkinson, J. ; Stapleton, Carl M. ; Hopkins, M. ; Kay, C. ; Wyer, Mark D. ; Kay, David ; McDonald, Adrian T. ; Watkins, John ; Francis, Carol ; Fewtrell, Lorna. / Quantification and control of microbial pollution from agriculture: a new policy challenge?. Yn: Environmental Science and Policy. 2008 ; Cyfrol 11, Rhif 2. tt. 171-184.

Bibtex - Download

@article{7a0f8283170049269c3badfd094e35de,
title = "Quantification and control of microbial pollution from agriculture: a new policy challenge?",
abstract = "Faecal indicator organisms (FIOs) are commonly used to quantify pollution of public health significance. Health protection, as indexed by FIO control, is a central aim of new {\textquoteleft}catchment-scale{\textquoteright} water quality management required in the USA by the Clean Water Act and in the European Union (EU) by the Water Framework Directive (WFD). Experience of the former, after a decade of implementation, suggests that the most significant reason for water quality {\textquoteleft}impairment{\textquoteright} is elevated FIO concentrations, mainly in recreational and shellfish harvesting waters. This provides an early warning of possible problems which the EU regulatory authorities are likely to face. To date, however, a surprising lack of EU attention has been given to prediction and control of catchment fluxes of this key parameter. This is likely to prove embarrassing if the experience of the US regulatory community is not acted upon with some urgency. There is a growing, though still partial, body of empirical science to form the {\textquoteleft}evidence-base{\textquoteright} for good regulatory practice. However, adoption of {\textquoteleft}best management practices{\textquoteright} (BMPs) to effect remediation of impacted waters will require close integration of water policy with policies on financial support for the farming community. This is likely to require enhanced communication and integration within the discrete policy communities addressing the agricultural sector through the Common Agricultural Policy and water regulation through the Water Framework Directive.",
author = "John Crowther and J. Wilkinson and Stapleton, {Carl M.} and M. Hopkins and C. Kay and Wyer, {Mark D.} and David Kay and McDonald, {Adrian T.} and John Watkins and Carol Francis and Lorna Fewtrell",
note = "Kay, D., Crowther, J., Fewtrell, L., Francis, C., Hopkins, M., Kay, C., McDonald, A. T., Stapleton, C. M., Watkins, J., Wilkinson, J., Wyer, M. D. (2008). Quantification and control of microbial pollution from agriculture: a new policy challenge? Environment Science and Policy, 11(2): 171-184.",
year = "2008",
month = apr,
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.envsci.2007.10.009",
language = "English",
volume = "11",
pages = "171--184",
journal = "Environmental Science and Policy",
issn = "1462-9011",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "2",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) - Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Quantification and control of microbial pollution from agriculture: a new policy challenge?

AU - Crowther, John

AU - Wilkinson, J.

AU - Stapleton, Carl M.

AU - Hopkins, M.

AU - Kay, C.

AU - Wyer, Mark D.

AU - Kay, David

AU - McDonald, Adrian T.

AU - Watkins, John

AU - Francis, Carol

AU - Fewtrell, Lorna

N1 - Kay, D., Crowther, J., Fewtrell, L., Francis, C., Hopkins, M., Kay, C., McDonald, A. T., Stapleton, C. M., Watkins, J., Wilkinson, J., Wyer, M. D. (2008). Quantification and control of microbial pollution from agriculture: a new policy challenge? Environment Science and Policy, 11(2): 171-184.

PY - 2008/4/1

Y1 - 2008/4/1

N2 - Faecal indicator organisms (FIOs) are commonly used to quantify pollution of public health significance. Health protection, as indexed by FIO control, is a central aim of new ‘catchment-scale’ water quality management required in the USA by the Clean Water Act and in the European Union (EU) by the Water Framework Directive (WFD). Experience of the former, after a decade of implementation, suggests that the most significant reason for water quality ‘impairment’ is elevated FIO concentrations, mainly in recreational and shellfish harvesting waters. This provides an early warning of possible problems which the EU regulatory authorities are likely to face. To date, however, a surprising lack of EU attention has been given to prediction and control of catchment fluxes of this key parameter. This is likely to prove embarrassing if the experience of the US regulatory community is not acted upon with some urgency. There is a growing, though still partial, body of empirical science to form the ‘evidence-base’ for good regulatory practice. However, adoption of ‘best management practices’ (BMPs) to effect remediation of impacted waters will require close integration of water policy with policies on financial support for the farming community. This is likely to require enhanced communication and integration within the discrete policy communities addressing the agricultural sector through the Common Agricultural Policy and water regulation through the Water Framework Directive.

AB - Faecal indicator organisms (FIOs) are commonly used to quantify pollution of public health significance. Health protection, as indexed by FIO control, is a central aim of new ‘catchment-scale’ water quality management required in the USA by the Clean Water Act and in the European Union (EU) by the Water Framework Directive (WFD). Experience of the former, after a decade of implementation, suggests that the most significant reason for water quality ‘impairment’ is elevated FIO concentrations, mainly in recreational and shellfish harvesting waters. This provides an early warning of possible problems which the EU regulatory authorities are likely to face. To date, however, a surprising lack of EU attention has been given to prediction and control of catchment fluxes of this key parameter. This is likely to prove embarrassing if the experience of the US regulatory community is not acted upon with some urgency. There is a growing, though still partial, body of empirical science to form the ‘evidence-base’ for good regulatory practice. However, adoption of ‘best management practices’ (BMPs) to effect remediation of impacted waters will require close integration of water policy with policies on financial support for the farming community. This is likely to require enhanced communication and integration within the discrete policy communities addressing the agricultural sector through the Common Agricultural Policy and water regulation through the Water Framework Directive.

U2 - 10.1016/j.envsci.2007.10.009

DO - 10.1016/j.envsci.2007.10.009

M3 - Article

VL - 11

SP - 171

EP - 184

JO - Environmental Science and Policy

JF - Environmental Science and Policy

SN - 1462-9011

IS - 2

ER -

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