Perceptions of pesticides exposure risks by Operators, Workers, Residents and Bystanders in Greece, Italy and the UK

Awduron Sefydliadau
  • Kyriaki Remoundou(Awdur)
  • M. Brennan(Awdur)
    University of Newcastle upon Tyne
  • G. Sacchettini(Awdur)
    Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore
  • L. Panzone(Awdur)
    University of Newcastle upon Tyne
  • M. C. Butler-Ellis(Awdur)
    National Institute of Agricultural Botany
  • E. Capri(Awdur)
    Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore
  • A. Charistou(Awdur)
    Benaki Phytopathological Institute
  • M. G. Gerritsen-Ebben(Awdur)
    Netherlands Organisation for Applied Scientific Research
  • K. Machera(Awdur)
    Benaki Phytopathological Institute
  • P. Spanoghe(Awdur)
    Ghent University
  • R. Glass(Awdur)
    The Food and Environment Research Agency
  • A. Marchis(Awdur)
    Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore
  • K. Doanngoc(Awdur)
    Ghent University
Math Erthygl
Iaith wreiddiolSaesneg
Tudalennau (o-i)1082-1092
Nifer y tudalennau11
CyfnodolynScience of the Total Environment
Cyfrol505
Dyddiad ar-lein cynnar11 Tach 2014
Dangosyddion eitem ddigidol (DOIs)
StatwsCyhoeddwyd - 01 Chwef 2015
Cysylltiadau
Cysylltiad parhaol
Gweld graff cysylltiadau
Fformatau enwi

Crynodeb

The EU Directive on the sustainable use of pesticides (EU128/2009/EC) requires European Member States to develop training activities targeting occupational exposure to pesticides, and communication material aimed at residents and bystanders. Risk perceptions, knowledge and attitudes associated with passive and occupational exposure to pesticide potentially influence the extent to which different stakeholders adopt self-protective behaviour. A methodology for assessing the link between attitudes, adoption of self-protective behaviours and exposure was developed and tested. A survey was implemented in the Greece, Italy and the UK, and targeted stakeholders associated with pesticide exposure linked to orchards, greenhouse crops and arable crops respectively. The results indicated that the adoption of protective measures is low for residents and bystanders, with the exception of residents in Greece, when compared to operators and workers, who tend to follow recommended safety practices. A regression analysis was used to examine the factors affecting the probability of adopting protective measures as well the as the level of exposure in the case of operators and workers where data are available. The results indicate that the likelihood of engaging in self-protective behaviour is not significantly affected by perceptions of own health being affected by pesticides for residents and bystanders. However, operators who perceive that their heath has been negatively affected by the use of pesticides are found to be more likely to adopt self-protective behaviours. Gender and country differences, in perceptions, attitudes and self-protection are also observed. Recommendations for improved communication, in particular for vulnerable groups, are provided.

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