Necessity: Duress of Circumstances or Moral Involuntariness?

Awduron Sefydliadau
Math Erthygl
Iaith wreiddiolSaesneg
Tudalennau (o-i)1-28
Nifer y tudalennau28
CyfnodolynCommon Law World Review
Rhif y cyfnodolyn1
Dangosyddion eitem ddigidol (DOIs)
StatwsCyhoeddwyd - Maw 2014
Arddangos ystadegau lawrlwytho
Gweld graff cysylltiadau
Fformatau enwi


While the Canadian Supreme Court has accepted necessity as an excuse on the basis of moral involuntariness, English and Welsh courts have adopted a different route by incorporating excusatory necessity into duress of circumstances. The objective element of this defence prevents the defendant's characteristics from being taken into account, and assumes a level of courage. In a defence where the fear emotion is the prevalent feature, this paper questions whether judges in England and Wales have taken the wrong path by implementing a necessity defence as a form of duress