Larval crowding during an insect outbreak reduces herbivory pressure on preferred shrubs in a warmer environment

Awduron Sefydliadau
  • Javier Gamarra(Awdur)
  • Terry V. Callaghan(Awdur)
    Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences
    University of Sheffield
    Tomsk State University
  • Helena Bylund(Awdur)
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
  • Dylan Gwynn-Jones(Awdur)
Math Erthygl
Iaith wreiddiolSaesneg
Tudalennau (o-i)180-187
Nifer y tudalennau8
CyfnodolynAgricultural and Forest Meteorology
Cyfrol263
Dyddiad ar-lein cynnar29 Awst 2018
Dangosyddion eitem ddigidol (DOIs)
StatwsCyhoeddwyd - 15 Rhag 2018
Arddangos ystadegau lawrlwytho
Gweld graff cysylltiadau
Fformatau enwi

Crynodeb

With warming climate many species are predicted to shift their distributions toward the poles. However, climate change models developed to predict species distributions do not always incorporate interactions between them. The northerly shift of the boreal forest and associated dwarf shrub communities will be directly affected by warming. But warming will also indirectly affect plant communities via impacts on the intensity and frequency of associated insect outbreaks. We present a general model exploring plant host herbivory in response to the balance between insect crowding, host consumption and climate. We examined how these factors dictate the feeding preference of Epirrita autumnata larvae during an outbreak on dwarf shrub vegetation in Sub-arctic Fennoscandia. Data were collected from an outdoor experiment investigating future climate change scenarios (elevated CO2 and temperature) on the dwarf shrub community that included deciduous (Vaccinium myrtillus) and evergreen species (V. vitis-idaea and Empetrum nigrum). We observed that larval crowding was independent of treatment under outbreak conditions. We also tested and confirmed model predictions that larvae would prefer monospecific stands of either deciduous shrubs or its evergreen competitors. For current climate conditions, larvae had a preference to consume more deciduous shrubs in mixed stands. However, at elevated temperature bilberry consumption and herbivore pressure was lower, particularly in mixed stands. Our results show that during future warming, E. autumnata herbivory could promote the success of thermophile deciduous species and possible northward migration. Insect behaviour and preferences should therefore be considered when predicting future vegetation movements responding to warming

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