Factors affecting the local distribution of Polystigma rubrum stromata on Prunus spinosa

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Factors affecting the local distribution of Polystigma rubrum stromata on Prunus spinosa. / Roberts, Hattie Rose; Pidcock, Sara Elizabeth; Redhead, Sky C.; Richards, Emily; O’Shaughnessy, Kevin; Douglas, Brian; Griffith, Gareth.

Yn: Plant Ecology and Evolution, Cyfrol 151, Rhif 2, 22.08.2018, t. 278-283.

Allbwn ymchwil: Cyfraniad at gyfnodolynErthygl

Harvard

Roberts, HR, Pidcock, SE, Redhead, SC, Richards, E, O’Shaughnessy, K, Douglas, B & Griffith, G 2018, 'Factors affecting the local distribution of Polystigma rubrum stromata on Prunus spinosa' Plant Ecology and Evolution, cyfrol. 151, rhif 2, tt. 278-283. https://doi.org/10.5091/plecevo.2018.1442

APA

Roberts, H. R., Pidcock, S. E., Redhead, S. C., Richards, E., O’Shaughnessy, K., Douglas, B., & Griffith, G. (2018). Factors affecting the local distribution of Polystigma rubrum stromata on Prunus spinosa. Plant Ecology and Evolution, 151(2), 278-283. https://doi.org/10.5091/plecevo.2018.1442

Vancouver

Roberts HR, Pidcock SE, Redhead SC, Richards E, O’Shaughnessy K, Douglas B et al. Factors affecting the local distribution of Polystigma rubrum stromata on Prunus spinosa. Plant Ecology and Evolution. 2018 Aug 22;151(2):278-283. https://doi.org/10.5091/plecevo.2018.1442

Author

Roberts, Hattie Rose ; Pidcock, Sara Elizabeth ; Redhead, Sky C. ; Richards, Emily ; O’Shaughnessy, Kevin ; Douglas, Brian ; Griffith, Gareth. / Factors affecting the local distribution of Polystigma rubrum stromata on Prunus spinosa. Yn: Plant Ecology and Evolution. 2018 ; Cyfrol 151, Rhif 2. tt. 278-283.

Bibtex - Download

@article{6c8fa65a5f2d41e1bc435fff12f3d6e1,
title = "Factors affecting the local distribution of Polystigma rubrum stromata on Prunus spinosa",
abstract = "Background and aims – Polystigma rubrum forms orange-red stromata on the surface of living leaves of Prunus spinosa and P. domestica. Records suggests that this fungus now has a much more limited distribution in Britain than recorded in the 19th and early 20th century.Methods – We studied the local distribution of the fungus in the Burren Hills of western Ireland where it remains very common.Key results – Assessment of the local distribution of the fungus over two years found stromata to occur more frequently on P. spinosa leaves in hedgerows than woodlands. On individual trees in areas of open limestone pavement, the frequency of stromata was ten times higher in 2016 than 2015, possibly related to interannual rainfall differences. On hedgerow trees subjected to winter flooding, stromata were much less abundant, whereas stromata were more abundant on leaves also infected by the gall mite Eriophyes prunispinosae. The identity of Po. rubrum was confirmed by ITS sequencing.Conclusion – At a field location where Po. rubrum stromata are present in unusually high abundance, the distribution of stromata on trees in different habitats showed high levels of variation linked to both habitat and the presence of gall mites. Further work is required to determine whether variation in leaf surface and soil moisture are the key determinants of the observed distribution. Such investigations may reveal why Po. rubrum, once common in northern Europe is now restricted mainly to westerly, coastal locations",
keywords = "ascomycete taxonomy, endophyte, fungal conservation, leaf pathogen, Xylariales, biotrphs, Polystigma rubrum",
author = "Roberts, {Hattie Rose} and Pidcock, {Sara Elizabeth} and Redhead, {Sky C.} and Emily Richards and Kevin O’Shaughnessy and Brian Douglas and Gareth Griffith",
year = "2018",
month = "8",
day = "22",
doi = "10.5091/plecevo.2018.1442",
language = "English",
volume = "151",
pages = "278--283",
journal = "Plant Ecology and Evolution",
issn = "2032-3913",
publisher = "National Botanic Garden of Belgium",
number = "2",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) - Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Factors affecting the local distribution of Polystigma rubrum stromata on Prunus spinosa

AU - Roberts, Hattie Rose

AU - Pidcock, Sara Elizabeth

AU - Redhead, Sky C.

AU - Richards, Emily

AU - O’Shaughnessy, Kevin

AU - Douglas, Brian

AU - Griffith, Gareth

PY - 2018/8/22

Y1 - 2018/8/22

N2 - Background and aims – Polystigma rubrum forms orange-red stromata on the surface of living leaves of Prunus spinosa and P. domestica. Records suggests that this fungus now has a much more limited distribution in Britain than recorded in the 19th and early 20th century.Methods – We studied the local distribution of the fungus in the Burren Hills of western Ireland where it remains very common.Key results – Assessment of the local distribution of the fungus over two years found stromata to occur more frequently on P. spinosa leaves in hedgerows than woodlands. On individual trees in areas of open limestone pavement, the frequency of stromata was ten times higher in 2016 than 2015, possibly related to interannual rainfall differences. On hedgerow trees subjected to winter flooding, stromata were much less abundant, whereas stromata were more abundant on leaves also infected by the gall mite Eriophyes prunispinosae. The identity of Po. rubrum was confirmed by ITS sequencing.Conclusion – At a field location where Po. rubrum stromata are present in unusually high abundance, the distribution of stromata on trees in different habitats showed high levels of variation linked to both habitat and the presence of gall mites. Further work is required to determine whether variation in leaf surface and soil moisture are the key determinants of the observed distribution. Such investigations may reveal why Po. rubrum, once common in northern Europe is now restricted mainly to westerly, coastal locations

AB - Background and aims – Polystigma rubrum forms orange-red stromata on the surface of living leaves of Prunus spinosa and P. domestica. Records suggests that this fungus now has a much more limited distribution in Britain than recorded in the 19th and early 20th century.Methods – We studied the local distribution of the fungus in the Burren Hills of western Ireland where it remains very common.Key results – Assessment of the local distribution of the fungus over two years found stromata to occur more frequently on P. spinosa leaves in hedgerows than woodlands. On individual trees in areas of open limestone pavement, the frequency of stromata was ten times higher in 2016 than 2015, possibly related to interannual rainfall differences. On hedgerow trees subjected to winter flooding, stromata were much less abundant, whereas stromata were more abundant on leaves also infected by the gall mite Eriophyes prunispinosae. The identity of Po. rubrum was confirmed by ITS sequencing.Conclusion – At a field location where Po. rubrum stromata are present in unusually high abundance, the distribution of stromata on trees in different habitats showed high levels of variation linked to both habitat and the presence of gall mites. Further work is required to determine whether variation in leaf surface and soil moisture are the key determinants of the observed distribution. Such investigations may reveal why Po. rubrum, once common in northern Europe is now restricted mainly to westerly, coastal locations

KW - ascomycete taxonomy

KW - endophyte

KW - fungal conservation

KW - leaf pathogen

KW - Xylariales

KW - biotrphs

KW - Polystigma rubrum

U2 - 10.5091/plecevo.2018.1442

DO - 10.5091/plecevo.2018.1442

M3 - Article

VL - 151

SP - 278

EP - 283

JO - Plant Ecology and Evolution

JF - Plant Ecology and Evolution

SN - 2032-3913

IS - 2

ER -

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