A novel grass hybrid to reduce flood generation in temperate regions

Awduron Sefydliadau
  • Christopher (Kit) J. A. Macleod(Awdur)
    The James Hutton Institute
    Rothamsted Research
  • Mike Humphreys(Awdur)
  • W. Richard Whalley(Awdur)
    Rothamsted Research
  • Lesley Turner(Awdur)
  • Andrew Binley(Awdur)
    Lancaster University
  • Chris W. Watts(Awdur)
    Rothamsted Research
  • Leif Skot(Awdur)
  • Adrian Joynes(Awdur)
    Rothamsted Research
  • Sarah Hawkins(Awdur)
  • Ian P. King(Awdur)
    University of Nottingham
  • Sally O'Donovan(Awdur)
  • Philip M. Haygarth(Awdur)
    Lancaster University
Math Erthygl
Iaith wreiddiolSaesneg
Rhif yr erthygl1683
CyfnodolynScientific Reports
Cyfrol3
Dangosyddion eitem ddigidol (DOIs)
StatwsCyhoeddwyd - 25 Ebr 2013
Cysylltiadau
Cysylltiad parhaol
Arddangos ystadegau lawrlwytho
Gweld graff cysylltiadau
Fformatau enwi

Crynodeb

We report on the development of a novel grass hybrid that provides efficient forage production and mitigates flooding. Perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne) is the grass species of choice for most farmers, but lacks resilience against extremes of climate. We hybridised L. perenne onto a closely related and more stress-resistant grass species, meadow fescue Festuca pratensis. We demonstrate that the L. perenne × F. pratensis cultivar can reduce runoff by 51% compared to a leading UK nationally recommended L. perenne cultivar and by 43% compared to F. pratensis over a two year field experiment. We present evidence that the reduced runoff from this Festulolium cultivar was due to intense initial root growth followed by rapid senescence, especially at depth. Hybrid grasses of this type show immense potential for reducing the likelihood of flooding whilst providing food production under conditions of changing climate.