Prof Christopher Harding

Emeritus Professor

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Ysgol y Gyfraith Aberystwyth


Originally not from Wales (an FAQ), I studied at the Universities of Oxford and Exeter before moving still further west to Aberystwyth. During my time here I have also had terms of office as Dean of the former Faculty of Law, Director of Postgraduate Studies for the university, and variously as Deputy and Acting Head of Department before undertaking a term as Head of Department (2007-9). I have been involved in numerous instances of research collaboration with several other people now scattered around the world and was Visiting Fellow at Katholieke Universiteit Leuven during February-March 2011. At present I am also a member of the Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC) Peer Review College and a Strategic Reviewer for the AHRC.


My teaching experience and expertise has been broadly in the fields of European Law, Public International Law, Criminal Justice, the Penal System, Human Rights and Legal Theory. At present I contribute teaching to undergraduate modules in International Law, the History of Crime and Punishment, Criminology of Human Rights Violations, Crime and Misconduct in Business, Politics and the Professions, and Corporate Governance; and LLM modules on the Regulation of Business Cartels, and the Philosophy of Human Rights Protection.

I also have a strong interest in research training and its role in the university curriculum and have been involved in the development of and contributed to postgraduate research training modules at both university and departmental levels.

In recent years I have been a visiting teacher at the Universities of Helsinki, Bergen, Leuven, Viadrina (Frankfurt (Oder)), Brno, and Budapest.

Postgraduate supervision

I have supervised and examined a number of postgraduate theses, especially in the fields of International Law and Criminal Justice. At present I am supervising postgraduate research, as principal supervisor, on the following topics :

  • Consistency and complementarity in sentencing under international criminal law - (Samantha Richards)
  • Human rights and the return of cultural property - (Shea Esterling)
  • International legal regimes for the control of weaponary - (Mick John Hopkins)
  • The role of the Lex Mercatoria in arbitration - (Sitki Tellioglu)
  • War rape and forced marriage in conflict situations (Hannah Baumeister)
  • The emergence of new States and the criteria of statehood under international law (Carrie Fox)

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My research has spanned areas of European and International Law, Criminal Jurisprudence, Penal Theory, the History of Crime and the Penal System, and the Protection of Human Rights.

More recently my research has been especially concerned with evolving legal structures and paradigms at the European and international levels, with particular reference to the regulation of crime and delinquency. This has led me into detailed research into the regulation of business cartels and other forms of delinquent organisation, issues of legal form and personality at the supranational level, and the theoretical underpinning of human rights argumentation (for instance the European Legal Atlas and L'Uomo Delinquente).

I have recently prepared a second edition of Regulating Cartels in Europe, with Julian Joshua, for Oxford University Press (published at the end of 2010). I am at present collaborating on a study of European Union penal competence with Estella Baker of the University of Sheffield (to be published as a monograph by Palgrave Macmillan), while continuing also research into cartel criminality (a book to be published by Ashgate Publishing) and criminal responsibility in the context of organisations.

I have also been awarded a grant from the Leverhulme Trust, for a period of two years from October 2012, to carry out research into the deterrent effect of anti-cartel measures. The project is titled Explaining and Understanding Business Cartel Collusion , and its main objective will be to produce a number of 'cartel biographies', drawing upon the experience of dealing with some major cartels in a number of jurisdictions over the past 30 years, as a way of assessing the impact of legal sanctions applied to companies and individuals in actual cases.